Since 1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
- The maintenance instruction
The panel of devices and controls
The equipment of the control panel and дефлекторов air lines, a choice of modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - models with air conditioner
Adjustment of rear-view mirrors
Control lever РКПП
The salon equipment
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
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The panel of devices and controls
Combination of devices
Measuring instrument of temperature of a cooling liquid (1)
The measuring instrument functions only at the included ignition, accepting working position with some delay. At a cold cooling liquid of the marksman of the device is in the bottom part of a scale. The normal working range of temperature lies in limits from 70°С to 110°С. In hot weather, and also at loading increase on the engine the temperature of a cooling liquid can rise up to the top limit of a normal working range of a scale. However, at all it is not necessary to suppose calling of an arrow of a measuring instrument in the site of a display scale painted in red colour. Transition by an arrow of the top admissible value testifies to an engine overheat. The car in this case should be stopped and, without suppressing the engine, to include on a total power a heater and the heater fan, then to check up liquid level in a broad tank of system of cooling and to make sure of serviceability of operation of the fan blowing a radiator. If the fan does not function, or liquid level in a broad tank has fallen below admissible value, the engine should be muffled immediately. If the liquid and the fan is perfectly in order, movement can be continued, but only provided that the arrow of the index has returned to area of admissible values. Otherwise the engine also should be switched off.
At normal level of a cooling liquid the reason of an overheat of the engine refusal of the fan of system of cooling can be. Check up a condition of a corresponding safety lock, in case of need make replacement. If refusal of the electromotor of the fan, or its failure крыльчатки takes place, movement can be renewed after a while (provided that level of a cooling liquid is in norm), and the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop. Whereas at the faulty fan efficiency of functioning of a radiator will be defined only by speed of a running stream, it is necessary to try to move on good (but not too high) speeds, having reduced to a minimum movement накатом.
Speedometers/counters of kilometric area (2)
The speedometer has analogue execution. Unit of division of a scale of a dial makes 10 km/h. In the top half of field of a dial the drum of the counter of the general run of the car is located from the moment of its release from the conveyor (одометра). Located under an arrow axis the drum-type counter registers kilometric area of a current trip. Zeroing of the counter of kilometric area of current run is carried out by means of built in in the bottom part of a dial of a speedometer of the handle.
The device registers frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in 1000 rpm. At all do not suppose calling of an arrow of a measuring instrument in red sector of a scale of a dial. Remember that timely switching on higher transfer promotes economy of the expense of fuel and decrease in level of noise of the power unit.
Avoid excessive increase of turns of the engine during time обкатки the car.
Strelochnye hours (3)
On some models instead of a tachometre an analogue watch is included in a combination of devices. The handle of installation of time is located on the right under a dial of hours.
Hours with digital indication (4)
The display of a digital watch is built in in the field of a tachometre dial. The handle of installation of time is located on the right under the measuring instrument block. Handle rotation current hour counter-clockwise gets out, for installation of minutes the handle should be turned to the right. Try not to press excessively at time adjustment the handle in order to avoid regulator failure.
Measuring instrument of the expense of fuel (5)
The measuring instrument is activated only at the included ignition. The exit of an arrow of the device into position occurs to some time delay. It is necessary to remember that the volume of a fuel tank at carburettor models makes about 47 l, on equipped with system of injection of fuel models - only 42 l.
Deviations of indications of a measuring instrument and short-term inclusion of a control lamp of a stock of fuel during fulfilment of maneuvers is connected with moving of level of a surface of fuel to a tank and should not cause anxiety.
Constant inclusion of a control lamp testifies to the termination of a stock of fuel. Thus in a tank remains about 6 l of fuel.
Ambient temperature measuring instrument
The digital display of a measuring instrument is built in in the left part of the panel of devices. The range of measurements lies in limits from-45°S to +50°С. Выcandlesивание real value of temperature of air it is made with a delay about 5 minutes. During parking, or at movement with small speed of the indication of a measuring instrument can be a little overestimated at the expense of influence on the gauge of heat allocated with the engine.
The arrangement of control lamps can vary depending on the equipment of model and the engine type, however the symbolics used in the text thus does not vary.
Control lamps of indexes of turns (1)
Control lamps of indexes of turns of the trailer (2)
Control lamp of inclusion of a headlight of head headlights (3)
Control lamp of inclusion of dimensional fires (4)
Control lamp of inclusion of antifog headlights (5)
Control lamp of inclusion of back foggy lanterns (6)
Control lamp of inclusion of a passing light of head headlights (7)
Control lamp of inclusion of heating of back glass (8)
Control lamp ABS (9)
Control lamp “Fasten belts” (10)
Control lamp of the alarm system (11)
Control lamp of level of a brake liquid (12)
Control lamp of level of a charge akkumu-ljatornoj batteries (13)
Control lamp of raising of a lay brake (14)
Control lamp of pressure of oil (15)
Control lamp of system of pillows of safety (16)
Control lamp of a stock of fuel (17)
Switches of the panel of devices and steering column
The arrangement of switches of the panel of devices and steering column is shown on an illustration.
The switch of dimensional fires/illuminations of devices (1)
The switch of a passing light of head headlights (2)
The switch of heating of back glass (3)
The switch of forward antifog headlights (4)
The switch of back foggy lanterns (5)
The switch of the alarm system (6)
Switches of heating of forward seats (7, 8)
The switch of adjustment of position of an optical axis of head headlights
The switch is located in the left bottom corner of the panel of devices of the car between дефлектором an air line and a steering column. By rotation of the handle of a regulator smooth updating of a direction of an optical axis of head headlights according to change of degree of loading of the car can be made.
Switch position is base zero. Correct adjustment of an inclination of an optical axis of block headlights allows to achieve the best illumination of road at the minimum risk of blinding of drivers of counter and passing vehicles. The table of conformity of positions of the switch to various degrees of loading of the car is more low resulted.
Left combined подрулевой the switch
By means of the given switch administration of functioning of indexes of turns, and also switching of modes of functioning of head headlights is exercised.
Activation of indexes of turns probably only at the included ignition. For inclusion of indexes of the right turn it is necessary to translate the switch lever in the top position (before click). Inclusion of indexes of the left turn is carried out by lever lowering in the bottom position. Serviceability of functioning of indexes proves to be true built in in a combination of devices control lamps (see above). Switching-off of indexes is made automatically at steering wheel returning in rectilinear position. If there is a necessity for short-term inclusion of indexes (for example, at overtaking or change рядности), it is necessary to wring out movements slightly only the switch lever in a corresponding direction (without click) and manually to keep it in this position demanded time.
Inclusion of a headlight of head headlights probably only after activation of a passing light also is made by отжимания the lever подрулевого the switch before click towards the panel of devices. In a combination of devices the control lamp radiating a dark blue luminescence, confirming inclusion of a headlight (see above) is built in. Headlight switching-off is made by return of the lever to a starting position. Possibility of the precautionary alarm system to other participants of traffic by a blinking by a headlight of headlights (without dependence from that, it is included near or not) is provided. Pull the lever подрулевого the switch on itself, - headlight inclusion will prove to be true operation of a control lamp. In the given position the lever подрессорен and at release automatically reverts to the original state.
Right combined подрулевой the switch
By means of the given switch activation of cleaners and washers of glasses is carried out. Functioning of screen wipers/washers probably only at the included ignition. In order to avoid dangerous overloads of a contour drive the electromotor before to include screen wipers before a start of motion in frosty weather, make sure that brushes have not frozen to a glass surface.
For unitary operation of screen wipers, slightly press on the lever having wrung out it in the position previous position 1.
The interval mode of functioning of screen wipers joins lever transfer in position 1. The base period of operation of brushes makes 4 seconds, adjustment possibility in a range from 2 till 35 seconds however is provided:
Having included an interval mode of screen wipers unitary wipe glass, then disconnect brushes. Wait a pause which duration equals to the established period of operation of screen wipers, then again include an interval mode.
The mode of slow functioning of screen wipers joins lever transfer подрулевого the switch in position 2.
Position 3 levers corresponds to a high-speed mode of functioning of brushes.
For windscreen washing pull the lever right подрулевого the switch on itself. Brushes of screen wipers Simultaneously join. After отпускания the lever liquid giving on glass stops, brushes are disconnected automatically after performance even from one operation to three cycles.
Washers of lenses of head headlights
Operation of washers of lenses of the included head headlights is made automatically at windscreen washing.
From time to time from surfaces of lenses it is necessary to delete manually stuck dirt and remains of insects. Performance of the given procedure most easier to add to refuelling of the car by fuel. In a cold season watch passableness snuffled washers, periodically clearing them of snow and ice congestions (use special defreezing aerosols).
Cleaner and washer of glass of a door of a back
The cleaner of glass of a door of a back is put in action by отжимания the lever of the switch to the first emphasis towards the panel of devices. The screen wiper to be to continue to function until the lever is kept wrung out.
At deeper отжимании the lever inclusion of a washer of glass is made also.
At release the lever switching-off of a cleaner and a glass washer occurs automatically.
If to detain the lever in the wrung out position, after it отпускания the screen wiper will work two more - rub time.
Instant pressing the lever makes inclusion of an interval mode of functioning of a screen wiper. The period of operation of a brush in this mode makes 5 seconds. Switching-off of an interval mode is made repeated отжиманием the switch lever.
The equipment of the control panel and дефлекторов air lines, a choice of modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - models without air conditioner.
The control panel
The handle of a direction of distribution of air ()
By means of the given handle the choice of a direction of distribution of air between air lines of system of heating/ventilation of salon is carried out.
The handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of functioning of the fan/perekryvanija of an air inlet ()
By means of the given handle the expense of air forced in salon is regulated. The handle has five discrete positions (0, I, II, III and IIII). In position of 0 handles the fan is disconnected, and воздухозаборный the path is blocked completely that allows to avoid hit in salon strongly загазованного or badly smelling air. In avoidance запотевания glasses and creation of stuffy atmosphere in salon it is not necessary to block an air inlet for a long time.
The handle of adjustment of temperature of air submitted to salon ()
In extreme left position the heater is disconnected. Smooth rise in temperature of forced air is carried out by handle turn clockwise.
Дефлекторы air lines
Depending on the chosen position of the handle From the control panel in car salon through deflectors air lines cold or warmed-up air moves. Distribution of distribution of air between system air lines is carried out by means of d's handle deflectors panels of devices 3 and 4 (see an accompanying illustration) are equipped by rotary jalousie and заслонкой, allowing to change a direction of a leaving stream, or completely to block giving at will of the operator. Перекрывание section through passage дефлектора it is carried out by turn of a castor of a regulator downwards. For opening of giving the castor should be turned upwards. Turn directing жалюзийной lattices дефлектора is carried out with the help рычажка managements.
Air giving in forward and back foot wells is carried out on the air lines of the bottom level united in the general path 5.
Mode blowing wind and lateral glasses at them обмерзании
Turn the handle In the control panel in position IIII. Handles And and With turn out against the stop to the right. Close заслонки дефлекторов air lines 3. Zhaljuzijnye lattices дефлекторов air lines 4 develop so that air left in a direction of glasses of forward doors of the car.
Prevention запотевания wind and lateral glasses
At the raised humidity of air (a rain, a fog, etc.) car glasses tend to запотеванию.
For condensate removal turn the handle In the control panel in position II or III. In cold weather include a heater, having turned in demanded position S.Rukojatku's handle And move to position
The accelerated heating of salon
The handle In the control panel turn in position IIII, With turn out against the stop to the right. Turn the handle And in position
Creation of comfortable temperature conditions in car salon
Having eliminated a condensate from glasses and having warmed up salon, make following options:
Turn the handle In in position II or III. The handle With translate in the position corresponding to optimum temperature of air forced in salon.
Establish the handle And in position
Mode of ventilation of salon
For salon airing it is necessary to provide giving in it of external air through deflectors air lines 3 and 4.
By means of the handle In choose a desirable high-speed mode of functioning of the fan. The handle With turn out against the stop to the left. Translate the handle And in position
The general instructions
Serviceable functioning of system of heating/ventilation of an elephant probably only under condition of normal passableness of section воздухозаборной a lattice located before a windscreen of the car. Watch a lattice condition, from time to time clean it from snow, the ice, the got stuck leaves and other dust.
All handles of the control panel, except for handles And and In, allow to make smooth adjustment of under control parametres.
To avoid запотевания some glasses at slow speed of movement of the car it is possible at the expense of a choice of the maximum high-speed mode of the fan of a heater.
Productivity of the heat exchanger of a heater directly depends on temperature of a cooling liquid. The maximum return can achieve only after warming up of the engine to normal working temperature.
Air circulation in salon is provided at the expense of constant outflow through the ventilating apertures located in the bottom part of back doors of the car.