Skoda Felicia

Since 1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Shkoda Felitsija
+ Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
- The maintenance instruction
   Keys
   The panel of devices and controls
   The equipment of the control panel and дефлекторов air lines, a choice of modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - models with air conditioner
   Adjustment of rear-view mirrors
   Control lever РКПП
   The salon equipment
   Seat belts
   Operation receptions
   Trailer towage
   Fuelling
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment



The panel of devices and controls

1 — Ankernyj knot of a seat belt with adjustment of height of position
2 — the Handle of adjustment of position of an external rear-view mirror
3 — the Switch of dimensional fires/illuminations of devices
4 — the Switch of a passing light of headlights
5 — Combined подрулевой the switch of management of functioning of indexes of turns and inclusions of a headlight of head headlights
6 — the Instrument guard with a combination of devices
7 — Combined подрулевой the switch of management of functioning of cleaners/washers of glasses
8 — Central deflectors air lines of system of heating/ventilation of salon
9 — the Switch of heating of back glass
10 — the Switch of antifog headlights
11 — the Switch of back antifog fires
12 — the alarm system Switch
13 — the Ware box
14 — the Handle of management of regulator functioning window lifterа

15 — the Internal handle of a door
16 — Lateral deflectors air lines of system of heating/ventilation of salon and blowing lateral glasses
17 — the Control lever a drive of unlocking of the lock of a cowl
18 — the Switch of adjustment of position of an optical axis of head headlights
19 — the horn Button
20 — the Lock of ignition/blocking of a steering column
21 — Prikurivatel
22 — the radio tape recorder Panel
23 — the Ashtray
24 — the gear change Lever
25 — the Control panel functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon
26 — the Assembly block of safety locks and the relay


Combination of devices

1 — the Measuring instrument of temperature of a cooling liquid
2 — the Speedometer with run counters
3 — Tachometers/analog watch

4 — the Display of a digital watch
5 — the Measuring instrument of the expense of fuel


The numbering resulted in the text corresponds specified in illustrations.


Measuring instrument of temperature of a cooling liquid (1)

The measuring instrument functions only at the included ignition, accepting working position with some delay. At a cold cooling liquid of the marksman of the device is in the bottom part of a scale. The normal working range of temperature lies in limits from 70С to 110С. In hot weather, and also at loading increase on the engine the temperature of a cooling liquid can rise up to the top limit of a normal working range of a scale. However, at all it is not necessary to suppose calling of an arrow of a measuring instrument in the site of a display scale painted in red colour. Transition by an arrow of the top admissible value testifies to an engine overheat. The car in this case should be stopped and, without suppressing the engine, to include on a total power a heater and the heater fan, then to check up liquid level in a broad tank of system of cooling and to make sure of serviceability of operation of the fan blowing a radiator. If the fan does not function, or liquid level in a broad tank has fallen below admissible value, the engine should be muffled immediately. If the liquid and the fan is perfectly in order, movement can be continued, but only provided that the arrow of the index has returned to area of admissible values. Otherwise the engine also should be switched off.

At normal level of a cooling liquid the reason of an overheat of the engine refusal of the fan of system of cooling can be. Check up a condition of a corresponding safety lock, in case of need make replacement. If refusal of the electromotor of the fan, or its failure крыльчатки takes place, movement can be renewed after a while (provided that level of a cooling liquid is in norm), and the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop. Whereas at the faulty fan efficiency of functioning of a radiator will be defined only by speed of a running stream, it is necessary to try to move on good (but not too high) speeds, having reduced to a minimum movement накатом.

Inclusion of the additional headlights established under a lattice of a radiator reduces efficiency of functioning of the last and can lead to an engine overheat in hot weather, or at movement with the raised loading.


Speedometers/counters of kilometric area (2)

The speedometer has analogue execution. Unit of division of a scale of a dial makes 10 km/h. In the top half of field of a dial the drum of the counter of the general run of the car is located from the moment of its release from the conveyor (одометра). Located under an arrow axis the drum-type counter registers kilometric area of a current trip. Zeroing of the counter of kilometric area of current run is carried out by means of built in in the bottom part of a dial of a speedometer of the handle.

Tachometre (3)

The device registers frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in 1000 rpm. At all do not suppose calling of an arrow of a measuring instrument in red sector of a scale of a dial. Remember that timely switching on higher transfer promotes economy of the expense of fuel and decrease in level of noise of the power unit.

Avoid excessive increase of turns of the engine during time обкатки the car.

Strelochnye hours (3)

On some models instead of a tachometre an analogue watch is included in a combination of devices. The handle of installation of time is located on the right under a dial of hours.

Do not distract during movement, - make time installation only on parking!


Hours with digital indication (4)

The display of a digital watch is built in in the field of a tachometre dial. The handle of installation of time is located on the right under the measuring instrument block. Handle rotation current hour counter-clockwise gets out, for installation of minutes the handle should be turned to the right. Try not to press excessively at time adjustment the handle in order to avoid regulator failure.

Do not distract during movement, - make time installation only on parking!


Measuring instrument of the expense of fuel (5)

The measuring instrument is activated only at the included ignition. The exit of an arrow of the device into position occurs to some time delay. It is necessary to remember that the volume of a fuel tank at carburettor models makes about 47 l, on equipped with system of injection of fuel models - only 42 l.

Deviations of indications of a measuring instrument and short-term inclusion of a control lamp of a stock of fuel during fulfilment of maneuvers is connected with moving of level of a surface of fuel to a tank and should not cause anxiety.

Constant inclusion of a control lamp testifies to the termination of a stock of fuel. Thus in a tank remains about 6 l of fuel.

Ambient temperature measuring instrument


The digital display of a measuring instrument is built in in the left part of the panel of devices. The range of measurements lies in limits from-45S to +50С. Выcandlesивание real value of temperature of air it is made with a delay about 5 minutes. During parking, or at movement with small speed of the indication of a measuring instrument can be a little overestimated at the expense of influence on the gauge of heat allocated with the engine.

Remember that the glaze ice can take place and at temperature above 0С!


Control lamps

1 — Control lamps of indexes of turns
2 — Control lamps of indexes of turns of the trailer
3 — the Control lamp of inclusion of a headlight of head headlights
4 — the Control lamp of inclusion of dimensional fires
5 — the Control lamp of Inclusion of antifog headlights
6 — the Control lamp of inclusion of back antifog lanterns
7 — the Control lamp of inclusion of a passing light of head headlights
8 — the Control lamp of inclusion of heating of back glass
9 — Control lamp ABS

10 — the Control lamp “Fasten belts”
11 — the Control lamp of inclusion of the alarm system
12 — the Control lamp of level of a brake liquid
13 — the Control lamp of level of a charge of the storage battery
14 — the Control lamp of raising of a lay brake
15 — the Control lamp of pressure of impellent oil
16 — the Control lamp of system of pillows of safety
17 — the Control lamp of a stock of fuel
18 — the Control lamp of system of preheat (the diesel engine)


The arrangement of control lamps can vary depending on the equipment of model and the engine type, however the symbolics used in the text thus does not vary.

The numbering resulted in the text corresponds specified in illustrations.


Control lamps of indexes of turns (1)

The blinking of one of control lamps of the indicator confirms inclusion of indexes of corresponding turn. At failure of a lamp of one of indexes frequency of a blinking of the indicator doubles (the statement does not extend on a case of towage of the trailer).

At alarm system inclusion both control lamps of the indicator start to blink.


Control lamps of indexes of turns of the trailer (2)

During trailer towage the given lamps duplicate indications of the indicator of the basic indexes of turns, confirming serviceability of functioning of indexes of the trailer. At failure any of indexes on the trailer or the car the indicator ceases to function.


Control lamp of inclusion of a headlight of head headlights (3)

The indicator lights up dark blue light at inclusion of a headlight of head headlights, and also at the alarm system a headlight.


Control lamp of inclusion of dimensional fires (4)

The indicator works at inclusion of running fires of the car.


Control lamp of inclusion of antifog headlights (5)

The indicator confirms inclusion of forward antifog headlights of the car.


Control lamp of inclusion of back foggy lanterns (6)

The indicator confirms inclusion of back foggy lanterns of the car.


Control lamp of inclusion of a passing light of head headlights (7)

The indicator confirms inclusion of a passing light of head headlights.


Control lamp of inclusion of heating of back glass (8)

The indicator confirms inclusion of a heater of back glass.


Control lamp ABS (9)

The lamp lights up for short time (together with the indicator of level of a brake liquid) each time at ignition inclusion. If after some seconds after start of the engine the lamp does not go out, infringement of functioning of system of antiblocking of brakes (ABS) hence takes place. The last concerns also cases of full refusal of a lamp from inclusion, or to its inclusion during movement. Refusal of antiblocking system confirmed with the indicator means that car braking will be carried out without ABS, in a usual mode. The given fact should be considered at management of a vehicle. At the first possibility the car should be driven away on a firm car repair shop of company Skoda for carrying out of diagnostics of system and performance of necessary repair.


Control lamp “Fasten belts” (10)

The indicator warns the driver and passengers of the car about necessity пристегивания seat belts.


Control lamp of the alarm system (11)

The indicator confirms alarm system inclusion.


Control lamp of level of a brake liquid (12)

For the purpose of check of serviceability of a lamp the indicator quickly lights up at engine start. Refusal of a lamp of deenergizing after engine start, or its operation during movement testifies to falling of level of a brake liquid in tank GTTS. The car should be driven away immediately on the nearest firm car repair shop of company Skoda for check of a condition of brake system, revealing and elimination of a cause of infringement.

At a car stage on a car repair shop it is necessary to consider possible increase in a brake way and some increase of resistance to squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake!


Control lamp of level of a charge akkumu-ljatornoj batteries (13)

The indicator lights up at inclusion of ignition and should go out after successful start of the engine. Otherwise, and also in case of operation of a control lamp during movement, stop the car and muffle the engine.

Check up a condition and effort of a tension of a belt of a drive of the generator. As the same belt puts in action the water pump of system of cooling, in case of its breakage or tension easing it is impossible to continue movement. Adjust or replace a belt.

If the belt is perfectly in order, the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop. To avoid a full discharge of the battery, disconnect all onboard consumers of the electric power which functioning is not vital during movement.


Control lamp of raising of a lay brake (14)

The indicator is activated at the included ignition and warns the driver about necessity отпускания a lay brake before a start of motion. At release a control lever of a lay brake the indicator dies away.


Control lamp of pressure of oil (15)

The indicator lights up for short time at inclusion of ignition and should go out after successful start of the engine. Otherwise, and also in case of operation of a control lamp during movement, stop the car and muffle the engine. Check up engine oil level. In case of need make corresponding updating.

If level of impellent oil in norm, it is not necessary to continue movement. The engine cannot be started even on single turns. Address for the help in the nearest car repair shop.

Operation of a control lamp can is caused also by fall of turns of the engine below the normal single. In this case for switching-off of the indicator will squeeze out slightly an accelerator pedal enough, or to switch РКПП to lower transfer.

The control lamp of pressure of oil should not be considered as the indicator of level of the last! Told means that engine oil level should be checked regularly and without dependence from indications of the indicator of pressure.


Control lamp of system of pillows of safety (16)

At serviceable system of pillows of safety the indicator lights up for 4 seconds during ignition inclusion, then should go out. Otherwise, and also in case of operation of a control lamp during movement in system malfunction and the car takes place it is necessary to drive away on the nearest firm car repair shop of company Skoda.

If on appropriate amount of the equipped model after 4 seconds after ignition inclusion the control lamp continues to blink with an interval in 2 seconds within 16 seconds, malfunction in a chain of a pillow of safety of a forward passenger seat hence takes place.


Control lamp of a stock of fuel (17)

The indicator starts to work at the approach by the end of a stock of fuel in a fuel tank. When the control lamp ceases to blink and starts to burn constantly, in a tank remains about 6 l of fuel.


Switches of the panel of devices and steering column


The arrangement of switches of the panel of devices and steering column is shown on an illustration.

The numbering resulted in the text corresponds to the specified illustration.

On models with a right-hand steering the arrangement of switches differs from described in the present subsection a little. Nevertheless all symbolics remains former.

Remember that using lighting and alarm devices should be carried out according to norms ПДД and federal laws.

At opening of any of forward doors of the car the special alarm buzzer will warn the driver about necessity to switch off external lighting devices. The buzzer functions even at the switched off ignition. For switching-off of a buzzer it is enough to slam both lobbies of a door that allows to carry out in case of need a parking of the car with included dimensional fires.


The switch of dimensional fires/illuminations of devices (1)

By means of the given switch inclusion of dimensional fires of the car and illumination of an instrument guard/elements of management is made.


The switch of a passing light of head headlights (2)

Activation of a passing light of headlights can be carried out only at included dimensional fires. After deenergizing of ignition switching-off of head headlights occurs automatically.


The switch of heating of back glass (3)

The heater of the back functions only at the included ignition. TAN of a heater consumes a lot of electric power, therefore, in avoidance подсадки batteries, it is necessary to disconnect heating at once as soon as glass will get a sufficient transparency.

On the models equipped with an electropackage, simultaneously with heating of back glass heating of external rear-view mirrors joins also.


The switch of forward antifog headlights (4)

Activation of antifog headlights is possible only at included dimensional fires and a passing light/headlight of headlights.


The switch of back foggy lanterns (5)

Activation of back antifog lanterns becomes possible also only after inclusion of a passing light/headlight of headlights, or only after inclusion of forward antifog headlights (depending on execution of model and region of operation of the car).

The electric socket of the hook-on device of a factory complete set is equipped in such a manner that at inclusion of an antifog lantern of the trailer there is an automatic switching-off of back antifog lanterns of the car.


The switch of the alarm system (6)

At alarm system inclusion there is a simultaneous activation of all indexes of turns of the car and their control lamps.


Switches of heating of forward seats (7, 8)

At the included ignition possibility of heating of forward seats of the car is provided. TAN'S activation of a heater of a driver's seat is made by means of the button (7), the button (8) heating of a passenger seat joins.

Switching-off of heating of seats occurs automatically on the expiration about 4 minutes.

In avoidance подсадки batteries composers of the present Management recommend to make heating of seats only at the started engine.

On models with a right-hand steering switches are located in mirror concerning resulted on an illustration an order.

On some models switches of heating of forward seats are located on the central console behind control lever РКПП, between switches of management of drive functioning Glass lifts.



The switch of adjustment of position of an optical axis of head headlights


The switch is located in the left bottom corner of the panel of devices of the car between дефлектором an air line and a steering column. By rotation of the handle of a regulator smooth updating of a direction of an optical axis of head headlights according to change of degree of loading of the car can be made.

Switch position is base zero. Correct adjustment of an inclination of an optical axis of block headlights allows to achieve the best illumination of road at the minimum risk of blinding of drivers of counter and passing vehicles. The table of conformity of positions of the switch to various degrees of loading of the car is more low resulted.

Position of the handle of the switch
Degree of loading of the car
 
The versatile person
Pickup
0 1 2 persons, without cargo 1 2 persons, without cargo
I 5 persons + 75 kg of cargo 1 2 persons + 350 kg of cargo
II 1 person at a total load 1 person + 450 kg of cargo

On models the Pickup with a specialised body already in not loaded condition of the car it is necessary to establish the regulator handle in position between 0 and I.


Left combined подрулевой the switch


By means of the given switch administration of functioning of indexes of turns, and also switching of modes of functioning of head headlights is exercised.

Activation of indexes of turns probably only at the included ignition. For inclusion of indexes of the right turn it is necessary to translate the switch lever in the top position (before click). Inclusion of indexes of the left turn is carried out by lever lowering in the bottom position. Serviceability of functioning of indexes proves to be true built in in a combination of devices control lamps (see above). Switching-off of indexes is made automatically at steering wheel returning in rectilinear position. If there is a necessity for short-term inclusion of indexes (for example, at overtaking or change рядности), it is necessary to wring out movements slightly only the switch lever in a corresponding direction (without click) and manually to keep it in this position demanded time.

Inclusion of a headlight of head headlights probably only after activation of a passing light also is made by отжимания the lever подрулевого the switch before click towards the panel of devices. In a combination of devices the control lamp radiating a dark blue luminescence, confirming inclusion of a headlight (see above) is built in. Headlight switching-off is made by return of the lever to a starting position. Possibility of the precautionary alarm system to other participants of traffic by a blinking by a headlight of headlights (without dependence from that, it is included near or not) is provided. Pull the lever подрулевого the switch on itself, - headlight inclusion will prove to be true operation of a control lamp. In the given position the lever подрессорен and at release automatically reverts to the original state.

Use of a headlight of head headlights should be made with observance of rules of traffic.


Right combined подрулевой the switch

By means of the given switch activation of cleaners and washers of glasses is carried out. Functioning of screen wipers/washers probably only at the included ignition. In order to avoid dangerous overloads of a contour drive the electromotor before to include screen wipers before a start of motion in frosty weather, make sure that brushes have not frozen to a glass surface.

Windscreen cleaners


For unitary operation of screen wipers, slightly press on the lever having wrung out it in the position previous position 1.

The interval mode of functioning of screen wipers joins lever transfer in position 1. The base period of operation of brushes makes 4 seconds, adjustment possibility in a range from 2 till 35 seconds however is provided:

Having included an interval mode of screen wipers unitary wipe glass, then disconnect brushes. Wait a pause which duration equals to the established period of operation of screen wipers, then again include an interval mode.

The mode of slow functioning of screen wipers joins lever transfer подрулевого the switch in position 2.

Position 3 levers corresponds to a high-speed mode of functioning of brushes.

Windscreen washers

For windscreen washing pull the lever right подрулевого the switch on itself. Brushes of screen wipers Simultaneously join. After отпускания the lever liquid giving on glass stops, brushes are disconnected automatically after performance even from one operation to three cycles.

Washers of lenses of head headlights

Operation of washers of lenses of the included head headlights is made automatically at windscreen washing.

From time to time from surfaces of lenses it is necessary to delete manually stuck dirt and remains of insects. Performance of the given procedure most easier to add to refuelling of the car by fuel. In a cold season watch passableness snuffled washers, periodically clearing them of snow and ice congestions (use special defreezing aerosols).

Cleaner and washer of glass of a door of a back

The cleaner of glass of a door of a back is put in action by отжимания the lever of the switch to the first emphasis towards the panel of devices. The screen wiper to be to continue to function until the lever is kept wrung out.

At deeper отжимании the lever inclusion of a washer of glass is made also.

At release the lever switching-off of a cleaner and a glass washer occurs automatically.

If to detain the lever in the wrung out position, after it отпускания the screen wiper will work two more - rub time.

Instant pressing the lever makes inclusion of an interval mode of functioning of a screen wiper. The period of operation of a brush in this mode makes 5 seconds. Switching-off of an interval mode is made repeated отжиманием the switch lever.

The equipment of the control panel and дефлекторов air lines, a choice of modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - models without air conditioner.

The control panel


The handle of a direction of distribution of air ()

By means of the given handle the choice of a direction of distribution of air between air lines of system of heating/ventilation of salon is carried out.

The handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of functioning of the fan/perekryvanija of an air inlet ()

By means of the given handle the expense of air forced in salon is regulated. The handle has five discrete positions (0, I, II, III and IIII). In position of 0 handles the fan is disconnected, and воздухозаборный the path is blocked completely that allows to avoid hit in salon strongly загазованного or badly smelling air. In avoidance запотевания glasses and creation of stuffy atmosphere in salon it is not necessary to block an air inlet for a long time.

The handle of adjustment of temperature of air submitted to salon ()

In extreme left position the heater is disconnected. Smooth rise in temperature of forced air is carried out by handle turn clockwise.

Дефлекторы air lines


Depending on the chosen position of the handle From the control panel in car salon through deflectors air lines cold or warmed-up air moves. Distribution of distribution of air between system air lines is carried out by means of d's handle deflectors panels of devices 3 and 4 (see an accompanying illustration) are equipped by rotary jalousie and заслонкой, allowing to change a direction of a leaving stream, or completely to block giving at will of the operator. Перекрывание section through passage дефлектора it is carried out by turn of a castor of a regulator downwards. For opening of giving the castor should be turned upwards. Turn directing жалюзийной lattices дефлектора is carried out with the help рычажка managements.

Air giving in forward and back foot wells is carried out on the air lines of the bottom level united in the general path 5.
Mode blowing wind and lateral glasses at them обмерзании

Turn the handle In the control panel in position IIII. Handles And and With turn out against the stop to the right. Close заслонки дефлекторов air lines 3. Zhaljuzijnye lattices дефлекторов air lines 4 develop so that air left in a direction of glasses of forward doors of the car.
Prevention запотевания wind and lateral glasses

At the raised humidity of air (a rain, a fog, etc.) car glasses tend to запотеванию.

For condensate removal turn the handle In the control panel in position II or III. In cold weather include a heater, having turned in demanded position S.Rukojatku's handle And move to position. Block deflectors air lines 3. Zhaljuzijnye lattices дефлекторов air lines 4 develop so that air left in a direction of glasses of forward doors of the car.

The accelerated heating of salon


The handle In the control panel turn in position IIII, With turn out against the stop to the right. Turn the handle And in position. Block deflectors air lines 3 and 4.

Creation of comfortable temperature conditions in car salon

Having eliminated a condensate from glasses and having warmed up salon, make following options:

Turn the handle In in position II or III. The handle With translate in the position corresponding to optimum temperature of air forced in salon.
Establish the handle And in position and block deflectors air lines 3. Zhaljuzijnye lattices дефлекторов air lines 4 develop in optimum at own discretion position.

Mode of ventilation of salon

For salon airing it is necessary to provide giving in it of external air through deflectors air lines 3 and 4.

By means of the handle In choose a desirable high-speed mode of functioning of the fan. The handle With turn out against the stop to the left. Translate the handle And in position, or, proceeding from a concrete situation. Open air giving through deflectors air lines 3 and 4.

The general instructions

Serviceable functioning of system of heating/ventilation of an elephant probably only under condition of normal passableness of section воздухозаборной a lattice located before a windscreen of the car. Watch a lattice condition, from time to time clean it from snow, the ice, the got stuck leaves and other dust.

All handles of the control panel, except for handles And and In, allow to make smooth adjustment of under control parametres.
To avoid запотевания some glasses at slow speed of movement of the car it is possible at the expense of a choice of the maximum high-speed mode of the fan of a heater.
Productivity of the heat exchanger of a heater directly depends on temperature of a cooling liquid. The maximum return can achieve only after warming up of the engine to normal working temperature.

Air circulation in salon is provided at the expense of constant outflow through the ventilating apertures located in the bottom part of back doors of the car.