Since 1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
- The maintenance instruction
The panel of devices and controls
The equipment of the control panel and дефлекторов air lines, a choice of modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - models with air conditioner
Adjustment of rear-view mirrors
Control lever РКПП
The salon equipment
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
Operation receptionsEngine start
The general information
Before to start engine start-up, switch control lever РКПП to neutral transfer and firmly cock a lay brake.
That the starter did not scroll empty a transmission, squeeze out against the stop a coupling pedal.
As soon as there will be an engine start, at once release the ignition key in order to avoid damage приводной starter gear wheels.
Before warming up of the engine to normal working temperature, avoid increase of turns of a cranked shaft (try not to squeeze out against the stop a gas pedal).
The petrol models equipped with system of injection of fuel
The system of injection of fuel provides giving in the engine of a gas mixture of optimum structure. In view of told, the order of start of such engines is identical to any temperature of external air and does not depend on that, the engine at the moment of start-up is heated-up, or not.
Before start and during it do not squeeze out an accelerator pedal. In case of failure wait about one half-minute, then repeat attempt. The remark: it is not necessary to turn the engine a starter continuously more than 10 seconds on end.
If the engine перегрет, right after start makes sense to lift turns slightly.
Start of the cold engine
The engine is equipped by the automatic device providing enrichment of an air-fuel mix during cold start. Automatic machine activation is made by slow unitary squeezing of a pedal of an accelerator against the stop.
In frosty weather (from - 25°С) it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal three times.
The executed described manipulations with an accelerator pedal, release it and start engine start.
Before start and during it do not squeeze out an accelerator pedal. In case of failure wait about one half-minute, then repeat attempt.
Start of the warm engine
Slowly squeezing out an accelerator pedal, make start, then release a pedal.
Start of the hot engine
Without swinging, squeeze out a pedal of an accelerator and keep it in the bottom position during all time of start. After start end release a pedal.
Diesel models are equipped by the device of automatic preheat which is installed after opening and the subsequent closing of any of forward doors. If start thus is not made, repeated using doors to инициации does not result system.
Start of the cold engine
Turn the ignition key in position “I” - on an instrument guard the control lamp of system of preheat should light up. On reaching the engine of temperature of start the lamp will go out.
In case of failure repeat all described procedure. If the engine and is not started this time, it is necessary to check up a condition of a safety lock of the device of preheat.
System of the prevention of excess of speed
Inclusion of an alarm buzzer occurs on reaching speed of movement of the car of value of 120 km/h.
At long use of the car with the raised loading on the engine suppress last not right after the movement terminations, and before having allowed to it to work on single turns within nearby 2 minutes - such safety measure will help to avoid risk of an overheat of the muffled engine.
As a result of heat accumulation the temperature of a cooling liquid has raised;
The podkapotnoe space at not up to the end cooled down engine in addition heats up under the influence of solar radiation.
Performing any works in an impellent compartment, be careful!
The general instructions
Speed of deterioration of components of brake mechanisms appreciably depends on a driving manner. At car operation in an intense city cycle, or at a sports manner of driving check of a thickness brake колодок should is made more often, than it is stipulated by the routine maintenance Schedule (see Chapter 1).
At movement downhill it is expedient to make braking by the engine by preliminary transfer РКПП into lower transfer. As a result it is possible to avoid an overload of brake mechanisms. If to avoid use of brakes it is not possible, it is necessary to make short pressing of a pedal, braking the car small jerks.
After fording, journey on a deep pool, sinks, or at movement under a downpour efficiency of action of brakes can decrease a little, especially in the winter when takes place обмерзание frictional overlays brake колодок. In such circumstances brake mechanisms should be dried as soon as possible by a number of short braking.
The delay in operation of brakes can take place also during winter time in cities when the road covering is salted. In a special measure the given effect is shown, if the car long time was not used. And on колодках the crystal touch was formed. Колодки it is necessary to try to clear.
Pressure regulator in a hydraulic contour of brake mechanisms of back wheels
The vacuum amplifier of brakes
The vacuum amplifier of brakes functioning only at the working engine at the expense of depression created in the inlet pipeline enters into a standard complete set of all models. At towage of the car with the muffled engine, or in default the amplifier should be squeezed out a brake pedal with a little big than usually effort.
System of antiblocking of brakes (ABS)
ABS appreciably promotes increase of active traffic safety of the car. Decided advantage ABS in comparison with brake systems of usual type consists what even at full braking on a slippery covering possibility of keeping of the control over management remains.
It is impossible to expect that the brake way will be reduced thanking ABS under any circumstances. On the contrary, at movement, for example, on щебеночному to a covering, свежевыпавшему to snow or ice the brake way can even hardly be extended.
On reaching speed of movement about 20 km/h works the device of the automatic control. Noise of the joined pump thus can be heard.
If radial speed of rotation any of wheels appears is excessively small in relation to speed of movement of the car and there is a risk of its blocking, the system makes pressure decrease in a hydraulic contour of the corresponding brake mechanism. Speed of rotation of a wheel thus increases, providing the general course stability of the car. The described cycle can repeat set of times in a second that gives the maximum guarantee of preservation of the control over management at any condition of a road covering.
Functioning ABS is accompanied by pulsations of a brake pedal, there can be a characteristic sound., warning the driver about approach of the moment of the beginning of blocking of wheels. That ABS could prevent successfully blocking a brake pedal should remain squeezed out - do not try to make braking by faltering squeezings of a pedal at all!