Skoda Felicia

Since 1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Shkoda Felitsija
+ Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
- The maintenance instruction
   Keys
   The panel of devices and controls
   The equipment of the control panel and дефлекторов air lines, a choice of modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - models with air conditioner
   Adjustment of rear-view mirrors
   Control lever РКПП
   The salon equipment
   Seat belts
   Operation receptions
   Trailer towage
   Fuelling
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment



Operation receptions

Engine start

The general information


Before to start engine start-up, switch control lever РКПП to neutral transfer and firmly cock a lay brake.

That the starter did not scroll empty a transmission, squeeze out against the stop a coupling pedal.
As soon as there will be an engine start, at once release the ignition key in order to avoid damage приводной starter gear wheels.

Engine warming up should be made on the move. Right after start begin movement.


Before warming up of the engine to normal working temperature, avoid increase of turns of a cranked shaft (try not to squeeze out against the stop a gas pedal).

If the car is equipped catalytic by the converter, do not make start of its engine by pushing or towage - ignition of the crude fuel which has got to the converter can lead to an exit of a working element out of operation. Before try to "light" from the auxiliary battery.


The petrol models equipped with system of injection of fuel

The system of injection of fuel provides giving in the engine of a gas mixture of optimum structure. In view of told, the order of start of such engines is identical to any temperature of external air and does not depend on that, the engine at the moment of start-up is heated-up, or not.

Before start and during it do not squeeze out an accelerator pedal. In case of failure wait about one half-minute, then repeat attempt. The remark: it is not necessary to turn the engine a starter continuously more than 10 seconds on end.

If the engine перегрет, right after start makes sense to lift turns slightly.

Carburettor models


Start of the cold engine


The engine is equipped by the automatic device providing enrichment of an air-fuel mix during cold start. Automatic machine activation is made by slow unitary squeezing of a pedal of an accelerator against the stop.

In frosty weather (from - 25С) it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal three times.

The executed described manipulations with an accelerator pedal, release it and start engine start.

Before start and during it do not squeeze out an accelerator pedal. In case of failure wait about one half-minute, then repeat attempt.

It is not necessary to turn the engine a starter continuously more than 10 seconds on end.

On termination of attempt of start of the engine the ignition key it is necessary to return each time in position “0” in order to avoid an overheat of the starting automatic machine.


Start of the warm engine

Slowly squeezing out an accelerator pedal, make start, then release a pedal.

Start of the hot engine

Without swinging, squeeze out a pedal of an accelerator and keep it in the bottom position during all time of start. After start end release a pedal.

Diesel models


Preheat system


Diesel models are equipped by the device of automatic preheat which is installed after opening and the subsequent closing of any of forward doors. If start thus is not made, repeated using doors to инициации does not result system.

Start of the cold engine

Turn the ignition key in position “I” - on an instrument guard the control lamp of system of preheat should light up. On reaching the engine of temperature of start the lamp will go out.

For the purpose of minimisation of loadings on the battery, whenever possible try to avoid in preliminary warming up of the engine of using by other consumers of the electric power.

As soon as the control lamp will go out, it is necessary to start engine start. If at the moment of start-up engine turns are not stable, take a key in turned a bit longer, but no more than 30 seconds.

In case of failure repeat all described procedure. If the engine and is not started this time, it is necessary to check up a condition of a safety lock of the device of preheat.

At start do not touch an accelerator pedal.


System of the prevention of excess of speed


Inclusion of an alarm buzzer occurs on reaching speed of movement of the car of value of 120 km/h.

Engine stop


At long use of the car with the raised loading on the engine suppress last not right after the movement terminations, and before having allowed to it to work on single turns within nearby 2 minutes - such safety measure will help to avoid risk of an overheat of the muffled engine.

After a stop of the engine the fan of system of cooling can continue the functioning during even some time (till 10 minutes). Later fan activation also it is possible, but only in following cases:


As a result of heat accumulation the temperature of a cooling liquid has raised;

The podkapotnoe space at not up to the end cooled down engine in addition heats up under the influence of solar radiation.

Performing any works in an impellent compartment, be careful!

On the models equipped catalytic with the converter deenergizing of ignition it should not be made during movement on transfer at all as thus not burnt down fuel can get to a working element of the converter and result е to its exit out of operation at ignition during engine restart.


Braking

The general instructions

Speed of deterioration of components of brake mechanisms appreciably depends on a driving manner. At car operation in an intense city cycle, or at a sports manner of driving check of a thickness brake колодок should is made more often, than it is stipulated by the routine maintenance Schedule (see Chapter 1).

At movement downhill it is expedient to make braking by the engine by preliminary transfer РКПП into lower transfer. As a result it is possible to avoid an overload of brake mechanisms. If to avoid use of brakes it is not possible, it is necessary to make short pressing of a pedal, braking the car small jerks.

After fording, journey on a deep pool, sinks, or at movement under a downpour efficiency of action of brakes can decrease a little, especially in the winter when takes place обмерзание frictional overlays brake колодок. In such circumstances brake mechanisms should be dried as soon as possible by a number of short braking.

The delay in operation of brakes can take place also during winter time in cities when the road covering is salted. In a special measure the given effect is shown, if the car long time was not used. And on колодках the crystal touch was formed. Колодки it is necessary to try to clear.

In case of damage of a forward spoiler, and also at installation of a spoiler or decorative caps of wheel disks it is necessary to track, that the air flow to brake mechanisms of forward wheels has not appeared is limited. Otherwise mechanisms can start to overheat.


Additional devices


Pressure regulator in a hydraulic contour of brake mechanisms of back wheels

Cars with type of a body the Pickup, Venpljus and Kombi, and also all models equipped with engines of 1.6 l, 1.9 l or air conditioner are without fail equipped with a pressure regulator in a back contour of hydraulic brake system. The regulator is the device reacting to degree of loading of the car. The given remark does not concern the models equipped with system of antiblocking of brakes (ABS).


The vacuum amplifier of brakes


The vacuum amplifier of brakes functioning only at the working engine at the expense of depression created in the inlet pipeline enters into a standard complete set of all models. At towage of the car with the muffled engine, or in default the amplifier should be squeezed out a brake pedal with a little big than usually effort.

System of antiblocking of brakes (ABS)

ABS appreciably promotes increase of active traffic safety of the car. Decided advantage ABS in comparison with brake systems of usual type consists what even at full braking on a slippery covering possibility of keeping of the control over management remains.

It is impossible to expect that the brake way will be reduced thanking ABS under any circumstances. On the contrary, at movement, for example, on щебеночному to a covering, свежевыпавшему to snow or ice the brake way can even hardly be extended.

On reaching speed of movement about 20 km/h works the device of the automatic control. Noise of the joined pump thus can be heard.

If radial speed of rotation any of wheels appears is excessively small in relation to speed of movement of the car and there is a risk of its blocking, the system makes pressure decrease in a hydraulic contour of the corresponding brake mechanism. Speed of rotation of a wheel thus increases, providing the general course stability of the car. The described cycle can repeat set of times in a second that gives the maximum guarantee of preservation of the control over management at any condition of a road covering.

Functioning ABS is accompanied by pulsations of a brake pedal, there can be a characteristic sound., warning the driver about approach of the moment of the beginning of blocking of wheels. That ABS could prevent successfully blocking a brake pedal should remain squeezed out - do not try to make braking by faltering squeezings of a pedal at all!

Presence on car ABS at all does not cancel action of physical laws. It is necessary to remember it at movement on a slippery road covering. As soon as starts to function ABS, it is necessary to take care of decrease in speed of movement to the safe value corresponding to a condition of road.
At infringements of functioning ABS on an instrument guard the corresponding control lamp joins.

At refusal ABS the brake system continues to function in a usual mode. Thus it is necessary to correct a driving manner in appropriate way. At the first possibility the car should be driven away on a car repair shop for diagnostics of system and elimination of a cause of defect.