Since 1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
- Engine electric equipment
- Charge and start systems
The general information and safety measures
Check of a condition and battery gymnastics
Removal and installation of the storage battery
Check of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge
Removal and generator installation
Replacement of the module of a shchetkoderzhatelja/regulator of pressure
Check of serviceability of functioning of system of start
Removal and starter installation
Starter major repairs
+ System of ignition of petrol engines
+ System of preheat of diesel engines
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
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Charge and start systems
The general information and safety measuresThe general information
Start and charge systems are the main components of an electric equipment of the engine. As work of the given systems is connected with engine functioning, they are considered separately from an other onboard electric equipment, such as lighting devices, monitors etc., which the Chapter the Onboard electric equipment is devoted separately.
The rated voltage of onboard power supplies of the car equals 12 V.Zazemlenie is organised on a negative pole.
The storage battery requiring the minimum service enters into a standard complete set of all models placed in the tight case not requiring service, or. Battery additional charge is made from the generator of an alternating current with a belt drive from a pulley of a cranked shaft.
The starter is executed under the scheme with preliminary gearing and equipped by the built in traction relay. At engine start плунжер the relay moves into position and enters a leading gear wheel of a starter into gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel before on the electromotor a food will be submitted. The leading gear wheel of a starter is equipped обгонной муфтой, providing protection of the electromotor from проворачивания at excess by turns of the engine of admissible value.
The detailed information by a principle of functioning and service of various components of systems is resulted more low in corresponding Sections of the Head. At refusal of any components their replacement is usually made.
At service of components of systems of an electric equipment it is necessary to observe special safety measures in order to avoid risk of failure of semi-conductor elements, and also for the purpose of reception prevention элеткротравм.
Starting electric equipment service necessarily remove a watch, rings and other metal ornaments. Even at the disconnected battery the category of condensers at casual grounding of their plugs can lead to reception of an electric shock or a strong burn.
Do not suppose polarity infringement at battery connection. In structure of such components as the generator or electronic blocks of management enter semi-conductor elements which can be put out of action at wrong connection of wires.
At performance of start of the engine from the external power supply, or connection зарядного devices also observe polarity of connection of wires (the corresponding Section in the end of the Management see).
Never disconnect electroconducting from the battery, the generator or the diagnostic equipment at the working engine.
Do not suppose проворачивания the engine of the disconnected generator.
At all do not make stock-taking of target pressure of the generator by grounding of its plugs.
Do not apply to conductivity stock-taking in a chain the ohmmeters equipped manual dynamo-car.
At performance of any works on electric equipment service watch, that the negative wire has been disconnected from the battery.
Before use of electroarc welding without fail disconnect the battery, the generator and such components, as ECU systems of a food/ignition in order to avoid risk of their damage.
Entering into a standard complete set of car Skoda the audiosystem is equipped built in coded блокиратором, preventing possibility of unapproved inclusion of the stolen radio tape recorder. Protection works even at short-term switching-off of an onboard food. Before to disconnect wires from the storage battery make sure that have a switching-off code блокиратора radio tape recorders (more in detail the Onboard electric equipment) see the Head.