Skoda Felicia

Since 1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Shkoda Felitsija
- Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Operations procedure in extreme situations
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Change of wheels
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Identification of leaks
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile химикалии, oils and greasings
   Диагостика malfunctions of knots and car systems
   Features of the countries PDD of Europe
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment



Checks of readiness of the car to operation

The given section is made to help on purpose to the owner of the car properly to be prepared to passage of checkup of a vehicle. Naturally, to make all checks under professional standards it is not obviously possible, however consecutive and full performance described below procedures will allow the owner of the car to reveal defects and the deviations, capable to lead to refusal in passage of checkup to traffic police.

At revealing of knot or a component which is on the verge of refusal, the owner of the car leaves the decision of a question on necessity of entering of corresponding correction on the discretion. In a basis of such decision the general condition of the car is usually put. If the vehicle is represented to survey purely washed and well well-groomed, checking can shut eyes to presence of insignificant deviations and deterioration of certain components close to border. At the same time, the technical inspector a skilled eye can always reveal signs of the careless relation of the owner to the vehicle and consider it as aggravating factor.

It is necessary to consider that given to attention of the reader the list of checks and adjustments is full only at the moment of drawing up of the given Management, and the norms accepted in more later time and the requirement could not be considered authors.

Let's notice also that for full and qualitative performance of many from listed below procedures the help of the assistant is required.

The full list of checks can be broken into some categories which will be correct to entitle as follows conditionally:

a) the Checks made from a driver's place;
b) the Checks which are carried out on the car standing on the earth;
c) the Checks spent on the car which wheels are torn off from the earth;
d) Check of a condition of the fulfilled gases.

The checks made from a driver's place

Lay brake

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check up serviceability of functioning of a lay brake. The excessive course of a control lever (it is too much clicks) specifies in necessity of performance of adjustment drive a cable.

2. Make sure that at a lung постукивании on a control lever does not occur spontaneous отпускания a lay brake.


Foot brake


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake against the stop and make sure that it does not continue to fail slowly to a floor. Otherwise it is necessary to check up condition ГТЦ. Release a pedal, wait for some seconds and again squeeze out it. If appreciable resistance to squeezing arises only when the pedal has fallen almost to a floor, it is necessary to make adjustment or repair of brakes. The soft course of a pedal of a brake speaks about air hit in a hydraulic path. In this case the system should be pumped over (the Brake system) see the Head.

2. Check up serviceability of a condition and reliability of fastening of a brake pedal. Also make sure of absence of smudges of a liquid under a pedal on a rug or the floor panel. Moisture presence under a pedal speaks about malfunction ГТЦ.

3. Check up serviceability of functioning of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (at a corresponding complete set of the car) for what some times press on a brake pedal, then squeeze out it against the stop and start the engine. If the vacuum amplifier is perfectly in order, the pedal after engine start considerably will fail downwards, otherwise check up a condition of a vacuum hose and actually the block of the vacuum amplifier.


Steering wheel and column

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check up a condition and durability of fastening of a nave, spokes and a steering wheel rim.

2. Pull a steering wheel here and there and upwards-downwards. Presence appreciable люфта speaks about deterioration of components of a column, or release a fixing nut. Continue to pull a steering wheel as earlier, simultaneously slightly turning it to the right-to the left.

3. Make sure of reliability of fastening of a steering wheel on a shaft of a column and in absence excessive люфта, specifying in deterioration of persistent bearings or муфт a steering column.


Windscreen and rear-view mirrors

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

On a windscreen there should not be cracks and the other defects limiting the review to the driver. Presence of only small cavities left blows of small stones taking off from under wheels is admissible. Rear-view mirrors should be reliably fixed, free from cracks and other defects regularly the drive of their adjustment, besides, should work.


Seats and seat belts

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Listed below check concern as lobbies, and back seat belts.

1. Check up fabric structure of a belt on absence of cuts, strong attritions and other damages. Examine belts on all their length, do not forget about back if they are provided. Check up serviceability of operation of buckles of belts - buckles should be clasped freely and not less freely be released, providing thus reliable fixing in the latched condition. In case of belts of inertial type check up serviceability of functioning of the returnable mechanism. Check up a condition of all анкерных support of seat belts access to which is possible from car salon.

2. Forward seats should be reliably fixed on a sled, and their backs to be fixed in vertical position.


Doors

Both forward doors should open and be closed free both outside, and from within the car. Latches of locks should fix reliably doors in the closed position.

The checks which are carried out on the car established on the earth

Identification numbers of the car


Licence plates should be cleared and legible. The distance And between sign letters should be twice more distances of Century

The information stated on шильде VIN and-or гомологическом a label should be legible and legible.


Electric equipment


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Include ignition and check up serviceability of functioning of a horn.

2. Check up a condition of brushes of screen wipers, defective brushes replace.

3. Check up serviceability of operation windscreen.
4. Check up serviceability of functioning of stoplights, dimensional fires and licence plate illumination. Lenses and reflectors of lanterns should be reliably fixed, and also are free from traces of pollution and damages.
5. Check up functioning of head headlights and correctness of adjustment of a direction of their beams. Reflectors should not be grown dull, presence of cracks on lenses also is inadmissible.
6. Include ignition and check up serviceability of functioning of indexes of turns (including control lamps on the panel of devices) and the alarm system. Inclusion of lateral and back dimensional fires should not render influence on work of indexes of turns, otherwise it is necessary to check up serviceability of grounding in the back combined lantern.
7. Check up functioning of a back antifog headlight (headlights) and its control lamp on the panel of devices or in the switch.


Foot brake


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Examine ГТЦ, brake tubes and the block of the vacuum amplifier on presence of traces of leaks, weakening of fixture, signs of development of corrosion and mechanical damages. Tank GTTS should be reliably fixed, and liquid level to be in it between top () and bottom () marks.

2. Check up both lobbies of a flexible brake hose on presence of cracks, signs of ageing of a material and other damages.

3. Turn a steering wheel from an emphasis against the stop and make sure that hoses do not make contact with components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive. Firmly having squeezed out a brake pedal, make sure that under pressure upon hoses it is not formed swellings and there are no traces of leaks.


Suspension bracket and steering

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Ask the assistant to rotate a steering wheel here and there in a small range - till the moment of the beginning of reaction of operated wheels of the car. Estimate size of a free wheeling of a steering wheel, - excessive люфт specifies in deterioration or easing of hinges of a steering column, муфты connections of a column with the steering mechanism or actually реечной transfers.
2. Ask the assistant повращать a steering wheel a bit more strongly in both directions - so that operated wheels have started to turn. At this time try to estimate visually a condition of hinges, draughts and support of a steering drive. On the cars equipped with the hydraulic booster of a wheel, check up reliability of fastening and a condition of the steering pump, it drive a belt and connecting hydraulic hoses.
3. Make sure of horizontal position of landing of the car and adequacy of a road gleam.


Shock-absorbers

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Serially press each of corners of a body of the car, then sharply releasing them. The body should revert to the original state without раскачиваний. Otherwise it is necessary to check up a condition of the corresponding shock-absorber attentively. Shock-absorber jamming can lead to more serious damages of components of a suspension bracket and a car body.


System of release of the fulfilled gases

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Start the engine. Ask the assistant to press to a cut of an exhaust pipe a lump of rags and check up a system path on presence of signs of leaks of gases. Repair or replace defective sections.

2. Check up serviceability of a condition rubber подвесов support of sections of system.


The checks which are carried out on the car lifted over the earth

Поддомкратьте the car also establish it on the props got not under components of a suspension bracket of the car. Make sure that wheels are completely torn off from the earth, and the steering wheel can turn in a full range of the course (from an emphasis against the stop).

The steering mechanism

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Ask the assistant to turn a steering wheel from an emphasis against the stop. Make sure of smoothness of a course of components of a steering drive. No components, including wheels should adjoin thus to brake hoses, tubes or кузовными elements.

2. Check up a condition of protective covers the helmsman рейки. On models with the wheel hydraulic booster examine hydraulic lines and them штуцерные connections on presence of signs of leaks. Make sure of absence of jerks and jammings of components at operation of a steering drive. Check up presence and serviceability шплинтов, lock tags and other details of blocking of fixture. Kuzovnye panels should not be damaged or mentioned corrosion in radius of 30 sm round points of fastening of components of a steering drive.


Forward both back suspension brackets and wheel bearings

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Begin with the right forward wheel. Grasp it in points on 3 both at 9 o'clock and sharply pull. Presence люфта speaks about deterioration or easing of a pretightness of the wheel bearing, deterioration of spherical support and hinges, arms and резинометаллических plugs of fastening of components of a suspension bracket.

2. Now grasp a wheel in points on 12 and at 6 o'clock and repeat the previous check. Manually повращайте a wheel, checking its bearing on presence of jerks and jamming points.

3. At revealing of signs of deterioration of basic knots of components of a suspension bracket check up their way подрычаживания a screw-driver or flat mount. Presence appreciable люфта will specify in deterioration резинометаллической plugs, a fixing bolt or actually a support arm (it is frequent болтовые apertures get ovality).

4. Repeat all listed above check for the remained wheels of the car.


Springs and shock-absorbers


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Examine suspension bracket racks (at a corresponding complete set) on presence of signs of serious leaks, developments of corrosion and mechanical damages of casings. Also check up reliability of fastening of support of racks.
2. If the car is equipped by screw springs, track, that they correctly took places in the saddles, were not треснуты, are deformed or damaged by corrosion.
3. In case of a suspension bracket on sheet springs (springs) check up serviceability of a condition of springs, reliability of fastening to them of the bridge, and also a condition резинометаллических plugs анкерных support and earrings of springs.
4. The same checks concern and the cars equipped with other types of a suspension bracket, such as a suspension bracket on торсионных bars, hydraulic дисплейсерах, etc. Check up durability of fastening of all support and arms. Make sure of absence of signs of excessive deterioration, development of corrosion and mechanical damages. On suspension brackets of hydraulic (active) type examine hydraulic tubes on presence of signs of leaks and damages.
5. Check up on leaks shock-absorbers. Estimate degree of deterioration of plugs of support, examine cases of shock-absorbers on presence of signs of mechanical damages.


Power shafts (only for front-wheel cars)

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Serially turn both lobbies of a wheel, visually checking a condition of protective covers of SHRUS of halts. Also check up both power shafts on presence of signs of deformations and other damages.


Brake system

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Whenever possible without assorting brake mechanisms, estimate deterioration degree колодок and check up a condition of brake disks. Make sure that the material of frictional overlays () is not worn out over an admissible limit, and the brake disk () is free from cavities, having chopped off, furrows and other damages.

2. Check up a condition of all rigid brake lines and flexible hoses in a back part of the car. Pay attention to corrosion traces, fastening weakening штуцерных of connections, attritions, swellings (under pressure), cracks cuts and signs of ageing of a material.
3. Check up on presence of signs of leaks supports and boards of brake mechanisms. Repair or replace defective components.
4. Slowly rotating serially each of wheels, ask the assistant to squeeze out and release at this time a pedal of a foot brake. Make sure of serviceability of operation of brake mechanisms and that the wheel freely rotates at release pedals.

5. Check up the mechanism of a drive of a lay brake on presence of breakages and damages of cables, corrosion, deterioration and weakening of fastening of draughts, etc. Make sure that the lay brake reliably blocks both back wheels and completely releases them at release the lever.

6. To check up efficiency of functioning of brake system without the special equipment it is not obviously possible, however it is necessary to make small trial runs of the car, checking serviceability of its braking lost-free course stability.


The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check up a petrol tank condition (including a jellied mouth), fuel tubes, hoses and them штуцерных connections. All components should be reliably attached and free from damages and signs of leaks.

On all length examine a path of system of release. Check pipes and system components on presence of traces of leaks of the fulfilled gases, mechanical damages and signs of development of corrosion. Also check up reliability of fastening of sections among themselves and in подвесах support.


Wheels and tyres

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Attentively examine lateral walls and protectors of tyres of all wheels of the car, including the spare. Check tyres on presence of cuts, swellings, exposures of a cord, traces отслоения a protector and its non-uniform deterioration. Make sure of correctness of landing of tyres on rims of disks. Check up a condition and correctness of landing of gates of a rating.
2. Make sure that the wheels established on the car on the standard size correspond to a class and vehicle model. On both wheels of each of car axes tyres of one standard size should be established.

3. Measure residual depth of a protector. The minimum admissible value makes 1.6 mm at least on three quarters of the area of a protector. Non-uniform deterioration of a protector specifies in infringement of geometry of a forward suspension bracket.


Body corrosion


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check up bearing elements of a body and a car frame (including box-shaped sections of the chassis, thresholds, cross-section beams, racks, and also reference points of components of a suspension bracket, a steering drive and brake mechanisms) on presence of traces of development of corrosion. Истончение bearing elements it is fraught with emergency creation on road. Performance of repair with attraction of experts in that case is required.
2. Try to clean all sharp закраины and the agnails which have appeared on кузовных elements as a result of damage by their corrosion.


Check of a condition of the fulfilled gases

Petrol models

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Warm up the engine to normal working temperature and make sure of correctness of all its options (as it should be there should be also all accompanying knots and systems - ignition system, an air cleaner etc.).
2. Before to start performance of measurements, lift frequency of rotation of the engine to 2 500 rpm and keep it on this value within nearby 20 seconds. Then again dump turns to single and check up an exhaust condition. If single turns are obviously overestimated, or the exhaust pipe within more than 5 seconds leaves well appreciable smoke of dense dark blue colour, it is impossible to consider the car ready to checkup passage. The dark blue smoke on an exhaust is a sign of burning out of oil owing to internal deterioration of the engine. Black colour of an exhaust testifies to incompleteness of combustion of fuel as a result of pollution of the air filter or other infringements in the power supply system.
3. By means of a special gas analyzer maintenance level in the fulfilled gases монооксида carbon (WITH) and hydrocarbonic connections can be defined. If the gas analyzer available is not available, it is necessary to hire it.


Check of level of the maintenance in the fulfilled gases WITH

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

At the moment of drawing up of the given Management admissible level of the maintenance WITH at single turns of the engine made 3.5 % for the cars which have arrived in operation after August of 1986 and 4.5 % for older cars. Since January 1996 in Europe more strict norms for the cars, equipped catalytic by the converter and arrived in operation since August 1992 (about 0.5 %) have been accepted. If to achieve hit of level of the maintenance WITH in the frameworks stipulated by norms it is not possible (under condition of correctness of options of the engine, power supply systems, ignition etc.) the reason lies in excessive deterioration of the carburettor, or other refusal in the power supply system. It is not excluded also that has simply failed каталитический the converter (at a corresponding complete set).


Check of level of the maintenance in the fulfilled gases of hydrocarbons

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. At normal level ABOUT the maintenance of hydrocarbons in the fulfilled gases on single turns of the engine should not exceed concentration of 1 200 particles on one million. At negative result of its given check it is necessary to repeat, having lifted turns of the engine to 2 000 in a minute. If now level of the maintenance of hydrocarbons falls below limiting value (1 200 ch/million), it is possible to consider the car ready to checkup passage.
2. The excessive maintenance of hydrocarbons in the fulfilled gases of the car says about burning out of impellent oil, or that is more probable, about incompleteness of combustion of fuel.


Diesel models


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Unique check of a condition of the fulfilled gases of the diesel engine is measurement of intensity of an exhaust. For check it is necessary to lift sharply some times turns to maximum for the unloaded engine.

For performance of the given check extremely important that газораспределительный the belt was in good repair!

2. Excessive intensity of the fulfilled gases in more often is caused by pollution of a filtering element of an air cleaner, otherwise it is necessary to address for the help to experts of car-care centre.