Skoda Felicia

Since 1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Shkoda Felitsija
- Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Operations procedure in extreme situations
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Change of wheels
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Identification of leaks
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile химикалии, oils and greasings
   Диагостика malfunctions of knots and car systems
   Features of the countries PDD of Europe
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment



Диагостика malfunctions of knots and car systems

The owners of cars who are carrying out procedures of routine maintenance of the car it agree the present Management of the schedule resulted in Chapter 1 will be extremely seldom compelled to address to materials of the given Section. Reliability of knots and the components established on modern cars is so high that at timely performance of replacement worn out and failed as a result of ageing of a material of details the probability of their sudden refusal is smallest. Refusals seldom occur spontaneously and usually are a consequence sometimes of long development of defect. In particular, refusal of mechanical components practically always is preceded by occurrence and development of the characteristic symptoms shown at times for many thousand of kilometres of run to an exit of defective knot out of operation. The same components which can fail unexpectedly, usually are not vital for functioning of the basic knots and car systems, or are easily replaced directly on the car in road conditions.

Basic step at revealing of the reason of any refusal is the choice of a point of the beginning of searches. Often the reason appears enough obvious, however in certain cases it is necessary to work, making small investigation. The motorist who has made half-dozen casual checks, replacements and corrections quite has to find out a cause of a failure (or its symptom), however such approach in any way it is impossible to consider chance reasonable, in view of its labour input and aimlessness of expenses of time and means. There is a quiet logic approach to search of the failed knot or a component much more effectively. Necessarily it is necessary to take into consideration all preceding breakage, sometimes insignificant symptoms and guarding signals, such as loss of capacity developed by the engine, change of indications of measuring instruments, occurrence of unusual sounds and smells, etc. Do not forget that failure of such components as safety locks or spark plugs can be only a symptom of the more deeply latent infringement.

More low in the given subsection simple enough scheme of diagnostics of most often happening refusals is resulted. The reasons of infringements and their symptoms are grouped on the basis of their relation to functioning of any concrete unit or system, for example: the Engine, cooling System etc. In brackets are given references to corresponding Chapters and the Sections of the Management concerning functioning of components suspected of malfunction.

Without dependence by nature refusal in a basis of investigation of its reason identical base principles are always put:

Make sure of correctness of definition of symptoms of refusal. This means confidence of delimitation of area of searches that is especially important with the help in refusal diagnostics to other motorist who cannot adequately state symptoms of taking place infringement.

Try not to look through obvious infringements. For example, if the engine is not started, do not hesitate to check up fuel presence in a petrol tank (thus it is not necessary to take on trust statements of the owner of the faulty car). In default electric equipments first of all it is necessary to check up a condition and reliability of fastening клеммных electroconducting connections, only after that it makes sense to get diagnostic devices.

Try to eliminate a cause of a failure, instead of its symptom. Replacement of the discharged battery new will help to make the engine start, however the taking place reason of a discharge of the old battery remains not eliminated that will lead fast failure and new. Also replacement of the spark plugs thrown by oil (petrol models) will allow to restore for some time serviceability of functioning of the engine, however its refusal by all means will soon repeat (if the reason lay not simply in application of candles not that type).

Do not take on trust any statements. Remember that "the new" component also can appear faulty, in particular if it long time has lain in a luggage carrier - it is not necessary to exclude a component from the list checked only for the reason that it is new or is recently established. In case of neglect it is not necessary to be surprised with performance of the made recommendation, when the cause of a failure revealed at last will appear lying on a surface from the very beginning.

Diagnostics of the general engine failures

The engine is not turned at attempt of its start

battery plugs, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are oxidised.
the battery (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is discharged or faulty.
It is torn off, or electroconducting of a chain of system of start, or ослабло fastening of plugs of contact connections (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is otherwise damaged.
the traction relay of a starter or the ignition switch (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
the starter electromotor (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
a teeth приводной gear wheels of a starter or a flywheel wreath (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken off or worn out.
the tyre of grounding of the engine, or ослабло it клеммное connection (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.

The engine is turned, however is not started

the fuel tank Is empty.
the battery (the engine is turned too slowly) (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is discharged.
battery plugs, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are oxidised.
components of system of ignition - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Are humidified or damaged.
installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.
It is torn off or electroconducting of a chain of system of ignition, or ослабло fastening of plugs of contact connections - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is otherwise damaged.
spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes - petrol models (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
the preheat system - diesel models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
the system of giving of fuel - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
It is faulty electromagnetic fuel запорный the valve - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
air has got To the power supply system - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
mechanical damage of the engine (for example, a camshaft drive) Takes place.

Start of the cold engine is complicated


the battery (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is discharged.
installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.
battery plugs, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are oxidised.
spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes - petrol models (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
the preheat system - diesel models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
the system of injection of fuel - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is polluted.
Zaedaet the lever of smooth adjustment of automatics of start - carburettor models (Power supply systems see).
adjustment of turns of idling Is broken, or are incorrectly established throttle заслонки - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
functioning запорного the electromagnetic valve of compulsory idling - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of assemblage of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
the cable of a drive throttle заслонки Is damaged by corrosion.
the ignition system - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
Has fallen компрессионное pressure (the Engine see the Head).

Start of the hot engine is complicated

fuel not that type Is filled.
the filtering element of an air cleaner Is polluted, or its passableness (Routine maintenance see the Head) is otherwise broken.
the system of injection of fuel - petrol models Is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system.
fuel giving in the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
the Carburettor is poured (see the Head of the Power supply system).
the idling system - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is polluted.
functioning запорного the electromagnetic valve of compulsory idling - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of the needle valve - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of a float - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of assemblage of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
Has fallen компрессионное pressure (the Engine see the Head).
installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.

Starter input in gearing is complicated, or accompanied by extraneous noise


a teeth приводной gear wheels of a starter or a flywheel wreath (the engine Electric equipment see the Head the Engine and the Head) Is broken off or worn out.
Oslabli or blurt out bolts of fastening of a starter (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
internal components of a starter (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Are worn out or damaged.

The engine is started, but at once глохнет

It is torn off or electroconducting of a chain of system of ignition, or ослабло fastening of plugs of contact connections - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is otherwise damaged.
depression losses on the case of a throttle or the inlet pipeline - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
passableness of an injector/is faulty the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.

Stability of turns of idling is broken

It is blocked filtering элементвоздухоочистителя (Routine maintenance see the Head).
depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes - petrol models (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure (the Engine see the Head).
working ledges of cams of a camshaft (the Engine see the Head) Are worn out.
the tightness of a belt/chain of drive ГРМ (the Engine see the Head) is incorrectly adjusted.
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.
the atomizer () fuel injection - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.

Ignition admissions take place at single turns of the engine

spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes - petrol models (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
Are faulty ВВ wires of spark plugs - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.
the atomizer () fuel injection - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
Tresnuta a distributor cover, or in it were formed coal paths - petrol models with a corresponding complete set (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure (the Engine see the Head).
Are damaged, worn out or hoses of system of ventilation картера (see the Head of the Power supply system) were disconnected.

Ignition admissions take place at movement on transfer

passableness of the fuel filter (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
the fuel pump Is faulty, or the pressure developed by it - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) has fallen.
ventilation of a fuel tank Is broken, or gasoline pipe lines (see the Head of the Power supply system) are blocked.
depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes - petrol models (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
Are faulty ВВ wires of spark plugs - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
the atomizer () fuel injection - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
Tresnuta a distributor cover, or in it were formed coal paths - petrol models with a corresponding complete set (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
the ignition coil - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure (the Engine see the Head).
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.

Stability of turns of the engine is broken during an acceleration


spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes - petrol models (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is polluted.
jets - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) are incorrectly established.
adjustment of turns of idling - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
serviceability of functioning of the accelerating pump of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of assemblage of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
position throttle заслонки chambers of II carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) is incorrectly adjusted.
tightness of the vacuum amplifier chambers II Is broken, or the cable not - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is established that length.
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.
the atomizer () fuel injection - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.

The engine spontaneously глохнет

depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
passableness of the fuel filter (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
the fuel pump Is faulty, or the pressure developed by it - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) has fallen.
ventilation of a fuel tank Is broken, or gasoline pipe lines (see the Head of the Power supply system) are blocked.
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.
the atomizer () fuel injection - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.

Capacity developed by the engine has fallen

adjustment клапанных backlashes - l models 1.3 (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
the belt/chain of drive ГРМ is incorrectly established, or adjustment of effort of its tension (the Engine see the Head) is broken.
passableness of the fuel filter (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
the fuel pump Is faulty, or the pressure developed by it - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) has fallen.
the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Has iced over.
jets - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) are incorrectly established.
serviceability of functioning of system of enrichment of an air-fuel mix Is broken at full loading of the engine - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
tightness of a float of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
adjustment throttle заслонки chambers of II carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of the vacuum amplifier chambers II Is broken, or is established приводной a cable not that length - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.
Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure (the Engine see the Head).
spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes - petrol models (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.
the atomizer () fuel injection - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
installation of phases of injection ТНВД - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
brakes (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Are taken.
coupling (Coupling see the Head) Revolves.

There are "shots" in system of release of the fulfilled gases

the belt/chain of drive ГРМ is incorrectly established, or adjustment of effort of its tension (the Engine see the Head) is broken.
depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the system of injection of fuel - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.
adjustment of turns of idling Is broken, or are incorrectly established throttle заслонки - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
adjustment of the accelerating pump of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of assemblage of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.

The control lamp of pressure of oil continues to burn at the working engine

oil level Has fallen, or oil not that grade (Routine maintenance see the Head) is filled.
the gauge-switch of pressure of oil (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
bearings of the engine and-or the oil pump (the Engine see the Head) Are worn out.
the working temperature of the engine (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is excessively high.
It is faulty редукционный the valve of pressure of oil (the Engine see the Head).
passableness of the mesh filter маслозаборника (the Engine see the Head) Is broken.

The engine continues to work after ignition deenergizing

Takes place excessive нагарообразование in the engine (the Engine see the Head).
the working temperature of the engine (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is excessively high.
the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
It is faulty запорный the valve-breaker of switching-off of giving of fuel - diesel engines (see the Head of the Power supply system).

Extraneous noise at engine work

The knocks caused by too early ignition or a detonation during an acceleration or at increase of loading
installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition/is faulty ignition system - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.
spark plugs not that type - petrol engines (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are established.
fuel not that grade (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is filled.
depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
Takes place excessive нагарообразование in the engine (the Engine see the Head).
passableness of an injector (ов) / Is broken the power supply system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is faulty.

Whistle or сипение

depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
leaks of the fulfilled gases in system of release or through a joint of a reception pipe with a final collector (see the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
depression losses through vacuum hoses Take place.
the lining of a head of cylinders (the Engine see the Head) Is punched.

Gnash or roar


adjustment клапанных backlashes - l models 1.3 (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
components of a drive of valves or a camshaft (the Engine see the Head) Are worn out.
hydraulic pushers of valves (the Engine see the Head) Are worn out.
auxiliary units (the water pump, the generator, etc.) (the engine Electric equipment, etc. see the Head of System of cooling, heating, the Head) Are faulty.

Deaf knock


bearings of the bottom heads of rods (the regular heavy knock sometimes decreasing at increase of loading) (the Engine see the Head) Are worn out.
radical bearings of a cranked shaft (a roar probably amplifying with increase of loading) (the Engine see the Head) Are worn out.
Knock of pistons (it is most intensive at the cold engine) (see the Head the Engine).
auxiliary units (the water pump, the generator, etc.) (the engine Electric equipment, etc. see the Head of System of cooling, heating, the Head) Are faulty.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of cooling


Overheat

level of a cooling liquid in system (Routine maintenance see the Head) Has fallen.
the belt of a drive of auxiliary units Is torn off, or adjustment of effort of its tension (Routine maintenance or the Engine see the Head) is broken.
the thermostat (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is faulty.
passableness of a radiator Is broken or its lattice (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is blocked.
the thermosensitive gauge-switch of its management (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is faulty electric the fan of system of cooling, or.
the radiator cover (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is damaged.
adjustment of a corner of an advancing of ignition/is faulty ignition system - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.
indications of the gauge of temperature (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Are inexact.
the Path of system of cooling is blocked by an air stopper (Routine maintenance see the Head).

Overcooling

the thermostat (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is faulty.
indications of the gauge of temperature (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Are inexact.

External leaks of a cooling liquid take place

hoses or шланговые collars охладительного a path (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are damaged mechanically or as a result of ageing of a material.
the radiator or the heater heat exchanger (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is damaged.
the radiator cover (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is faulty.
the epiploon of the water pump (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is damaged.
there Was a boiling of a cooling liquid as a result of an overheat (see the Head of System of cooling, heating).
Are damaged выжимные stoppers of a water shirt of the block of the engine (the Engine see the Head).

Internal leaks of a cooling liquid take place

the lining of a head of cylinders (the Engine see the Head) Is punched.
Tresnuta a head of cylinders or the block (the Engine see the Head).

Strong corrosion of components takes place


are not often enough made опорожнение and system washing (Routine maintenance see the Head).
water and antifreeze are incorrectly mixed, or antifreeze not that grade (Routine maintenance see the Head) is applied.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of power supply systems and release of the fulfilled gas


The fuel expense is excessive

the filtering element of an air cleaner Is polluted or its passableness (Routine maintenance see the Head) is otherwise broken.
the injection system - petrol models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is polluted.
jets - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) are incorrectly established.
it is incorrectly established air заслонка start - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
corrosion of a cable of a drive throttle заслонки (see the Head of the Power supply system) Takes place.
automatics of start of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) is not disconnected.
adjustment of turns of fast idling Is broken, or position throttle заслонок - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) is broken.
the idling system - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is polluted.
serviceability of functioning of system of enrichment of an air-fuel mix - carburettor models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of the needle valve of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
tightness of a float of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
the atomizer () - diesel models (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is faulty.
installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition/is faulty ignition system - petrol models (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is broken.
pressure of a rating of tyres (Routine maintenance see the Head) does not suffice.
brakes (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) "are taken".

Fuel leaks take place, or distinctly smells as gasoline

the fuel tank, gasoline pipe lines or штуцерные connections (see the Head of the Power supply system) Are damaged mechanically or as a result of corrosion development.
tightness of assemblage of the carburettor (see the Head of the Power supply system) Is broken.
the Carburettor is filled in during unsuccessful attempts of start of the engine (see the Head of the Power supply system).

It is excessively noisy works or the system of release of the fulfilled gases smokes

leaks of the fulfilled gases through joints of a final collector or sections of system of release (see the Head Routine maintenance and the Head of the Power supply system) Take place.
mufflers or pipes of system of release (see the Head Routine maintenance and the Head of the Power supply system) Are damaged mechanically or as a result of development of corrosion.
As a result of damage of pendant support the release system contacts at movement to body or suspension bracket components (Routine maintenance see the Head).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of coupling


The coupling pedal fails to a floor practically without resistance or with very insignificant resistance

the cable of a drive of coupling (Coupling see the Head) Is torn off.
adjustment drive a cable (Coupling see the Head) Is broken.
It is broken выжимной the bearing, or the lever of deenergizing of coupling (Coupling see the Head).
the spring of a press disk of coupling (Coupling see the Head) Is broken диафрагменная.

There is no coupling deenergizing (it is impossible to choose transfer)

adjustment drive a cable (Coupling see the Head) Is broken.
the Conducted disk is jammed on шлицах a primary shaft of a transmission (Coupling see the Head).
the Conducted disk "has become attached" to a surface of a flywheel or a press disk (Coupling see the Head).
the mechanism of deenergizing of coupling (Coupling see the Head) Is worn out or incorrectly collected.

Coupling revolves (engine turns raise without increase in speed of movement of the car)

adjustment drive a cable (Coupling see the Head) Is broken.
frictional overlays of a conducted disk (Coupling see the Head) are worn excessively out.
Frictional overlays of a conducted disk are polluted by oil or greasing (Coupling see the Head).
the basket of coupling or ослабло the effort, developed диафрагменной a spring (Coupling see the Head) Is faulty.

At coupling inclusion there is a vibration

frictional overlays of a conducted disk (Coupling see the Head) are worn excessively out.
Frictional overlays of a conducted disk are polluted by oil or greasing (Coupling see the Head).
It is jammed or ground приводной a cable (Coupling see the Head).
the disk or диафрагменная a spring (Coupling see the Head) Is faulty or deformed press.
support of the power unit, or ослабло their fastening (the Engine see the Head) Are worn out.
Are worn out шлицы a primary shaft of a transmission or a nave of a conducted disk (Coupling see the Head).

At squeezing or release coupling pedals arise extraneous noise

It is worn out выжимной the bearing (Coupling see the Head).
axial plugs of a pedal of coupling (Coupling see the Head) Are worn out or overdried.
assemblage of a basket of coupling (Coupling see the Head) Is faulty.
the spring of a press disk (Coupling see the Head) Is broken диафрагменная.
Are broken торсионные springs of a conducted disk (Coupling see the Head).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of a manual box of a gear change


The box established on neutral transfer publishes noise at engine work

bearings of a primary shaft (noise appear at release pedals of coupling and disappear at its squeezing) (the Transmission see the Head) * Are worn out.
It is worn out выжимной the coupling bearing (noise appear at the squeezed out pedal of coupling and can decrease at it release) (Coupling see the Head).

Noise arise on any concrete transfer

Are worn out, chopped off or a teeth of gear wheels (the Transmission see the Head) * are otherwise damaged.

The gear change is complicated

coupling (Coupling see the Head) Is faulty.
components of the mechanism of a drive of a gear change (the Transmission see the Head) Are worn out or damaged.
blocks of synchronizers (the Transmission see the Head) * Are worn out.

The box "comes off" the chosen transfer

components of the mechanism of a drive of a gear change (the Transmission see the Head) Are worn out or damaged.
blocks of synchronizers (the Transmission see the Head) * Are worn out.
switching plugs (the Transmission see the Head) * Are worn out.

Vibrations take place

level трансмиссионного oils (Routine maintenance see the Head) Has fallen.
bearings (the Transmission see the Head) * Are worn out.

Leaks трансмиссионного oils take place

the target epiploon of differential (the Transmission see the Head) Is damaged.
Leaks occur through joints картера (the Transmission see the Head) *.
the epiploon of a primary shaft (the Transmission see the Head) * Is damaged.
* Though elimination of similar malfunctions lies out of limits of qualification of the average mechanic-fan, the given information will appear useful at dialogue with the professional.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of power shafts

The gnash and knock take place during turn fulfilment (at small speed of movement and the steering wheel turned against the stop)

there Was a loss of greasing of the SHRUS, most likely owing to damage of a protective cover (Power shafts see the Head).
the external SHRUS of a power shaft (Power shafts see the Head) Is worn out.

During an acceleration/deseleratsii there are vibrations

the SHRUS (Power shafts see the Head) Is worn out.
Will drive or the power shaft (Power shafts see the Head) is otherwise deformed.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of brake system

Before to come to conclusion about refusal of brake system, check up a condition and pressure of a rating of tyres and uniformity of loading of the car. Diagnostics of any refusals ABS, except for condition check штуцерных connections of hydraulic tubes and hoses, should be made on a firm car repair shop of company Skoda.

At braking course stability of the car is broken

brake kolodki/boots from one of car boards (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Are worn out, damaged or made oily.
the support piston / the wheel cylinder of one of mechanisms Is jammed, or its moving (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) is complicated.
From different boards of the car brake kolodki/boots with frictional overlays of various type (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) are established.
Oslabli bolts of fastening of a support or a board of the brake mechanism (the Brake system see the Head).
components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out or damaged.

During braking there are extraneous noise (a gnash or high-frequency squeal)

frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Are worn out to substrate metal.
the brake disk/drum - most possibly after long parking (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Is damaged by corrosion.
Between a disk and a board of the brake mechanism the extraneous subject (for example a stone) (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) has got.

The course of a brake pedal is excessively great

functioning of the mechanism of automatic adjustment of back brake mechanisms - drum-type mechanisms (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Is broken.
It is faulty ГТЦ (the Brake system see the Head).
air (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) has got To hydraulic system.
the vacuum amplifier of brakes (the Brake system see the Head) Is faulty.
the vacuum pump - diesel models (the Brake system see the Head) Is faulty.

Softness of a course of a brake pedal takes place at its squeezing

air (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) has got To hydraulic system.
flexible brake hoses (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Are damaged as a result of material ageing.
Oslabli of a nut of fastening ГТЦ (the Brake system see the Head).
It is faulty ГТЦ (the Brake system see the Head).

For a car stop applying of excessively big effort to a brake pedal is required

the block of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (the Brake system see the Head) Is faulty.
the vacuum pump - diesel models (the Brake system see the Head) Is faulty.
Are damaged or vacuum hoses of the amplifier of brakes, or ослабло their fastening on unions (the Brake system see the Head) were disconnected.
the primary or secondary hydraulic contour (the Brake system see the head) Is faulty.
the piston () a support / the wheel cylinder (the Brake system see the Head) Is jammed.
the Wrong image establishes brake kolodki/boots (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see).
kolodki/boots not that type (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Are established.
frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Are polluted.

During braking there is a vibration transferred to a brake pedal or a steering wheel

excessive palpation of a brake disk/deformation of a brake drum (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Takes place.
frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Are worn out.
Oslabli bolts of fastening of a support / a brake board (the Brake system see the Head).
components of a suspension bracket either a steering drive, or a support (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.

Pulsations of a pedal of a foot brake take place at its squeezing during sharp braking

the Consequence of serviceable functioning ABS (the Brake system see the Head).

Brakes "are taken"

(Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system) see.

the piston () a brake support / the wheel cylinder (the Brake system see the Head) Is jammed.
adjustment of a lay brake (the Brake system see the Head) Is broken.
It is faulty ГТЦ (the Brake system see the Head).

Back wheels are blocked at normal braking

frictional overlays of brake boots Are polluted
deformation of disks/drums of back brake mechanisms (Heads Routine maintenance and Brake system see) Takes place.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of a suspension bracket and steering

Before to start checks of components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive make sure that a cause of infringement is not the wrong rating of tyres, installation of tyres of a various standard size or “прихватывание” brakes.

Course stability of the car is broken

defect of tyres (Routine maintenance see the Head) Takes place.
Tyres are pumped up with different pressure (see above in Introduction).
components of a suspension bracket or a steering drive (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.
adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is broken.
Components of a suspension bracket or a steering drive are damaged as a result of failure (Routine maintenance see the Head).

Takes place люфт wheels and the raised vibration of the car

balancing of forward wheels (vibration is most considerably transferred through a steering wheel) (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
balancing of back wheels (vibration is most considerably transferred through a car body) (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
wheel disks (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are damaged or deformed.
tyres (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are damaged.
components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.
Oslabli bolts of fastening of wheels () (Routine maintenance see the Head).

During fulfilment of turns and at braking there is "galloping" and-or car rocking

shock-absorbers (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are faulty.
components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.
the stabilizer of cross-section stability, or its support (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is worn out or damaged.

Roving or the general course instability of the car takes place

adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is broken.
components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.
balancing of wheels (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Is broken.
tyres (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are faulty.
Oslabli bolts of fastening of wheels () (Routine maintenance see the Head).
shock-absorbers (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are faulty.

Excessively hardly the steering wheel turns

level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel (Routine maintenance see the Head) Has fallen.
the lack of greasing of a steering drive (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Takes place.
the hinge of a tip of steering draught or a spherical support of the lever of a suspension bracket (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Is jammed.
It is torn off приводной a belt of auxiliary units, or adjustment of effort of its tension (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is broken.
Pognuta or is damaged steering рейка or a column (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head).
passableness of a path of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is broken.
the steering pump (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is faulty.

It is excessive люфт a steering wheel

It is worn out карданный the hinge () an intermediate shaft of a steering column (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head).
hinges of tips of steering draughts (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.
transfer (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is worn out реечная.
components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.

There is no hydraulic strengthening

It is torn off приводной a belt of auxiliary units, or adjustment of effort of its tension (Routine maintenance or the Engine see the Head) is broken.
level of a hydraulic liquid (Routine maintenance see the Head) Has fallen.
passableness of hoses of system of strengthening of a wheel (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is broken.
the steering pump (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is faulty.
transfer (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is faulty реечная.

Deterioration of tyres is excessive

The raised deterioration of an internal or external part of a protector

tyres (deterioration of both edges) (Routine maintenance see the Head) are pumped insufficiently up.
adjustment of disorder or a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (deterioration of a protector from one of edges) (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is broken.
components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.
speed on turns does not decrease.
mechanical damage to result of failure Takes place.

Scaly deterioration (обтрепывание) a protector

convergence installation (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Is broken.

Deterioration of the central part of a protector

Tyres are pumped up too strongly (Routine maintenance see the Head).

Deterioration of internal and external edges of a protector

tyres (Routine maintenance see the Head) are insufficiently strongly beefy.
shock-absorbers (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) Are worn out.

Non-uniform deterioration of a protector

tyre/wheel balancing (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
excessively lateral palpation of a disk or the tyre (Routine maintenance see the Head).
shock-absorbers (Heads Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and a steering see) Are worn out.
the tyre (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is damaged.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of systems of an electric equipment

The problems connected with refusal in system of start are considered above in subsection Diagnostics of the general engine failures.

The battery "does not hold" a charge

internal defect of the battery (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Takes place.
electrolit level in banks (Routine maintenance see the Head) Has fallen.
battery plugs, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires (Routine maintenance see the Head) Are oxidised.
It is worn out приводной a belt of auxiliary units, or adjustment of effort of its tension (Routine maintenance or the Engine see the Head) is broken.
the Generator does not give out a demanded current of a charge (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
the regulator of pressure of the generator (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
there Is a discharge of the battery owing to short circuit in a chain (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head the Electric equipment of the engine and the Head).

The control lamp of ignition/charge continues to burn at the working engine

It is worn out or torn off приводной a belt of auxiliary units, or adjustment of effort of its tension (Routine maintenance see the Head) is broken.
generator brushes (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Are worn out, jammed or polluted.
Oslabli or are broken щеточные generator springs (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
internal defect of the generator or a pressure regulator (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Takes place.
electroconducting of a contour of a charge, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.

The control lamp of ignition/charge does not light up at engine start

Has fused a thread накаливания (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
the generator (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

Lighting devices do not function

the lamp () (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Has fused.
the socle of a lamp or cartridge contacts (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is oxidised.
Has fused a safety lock (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
the relay (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is damaged.
the switch (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

Accuracy or stability of indications of devices is broken

Indications raise with increase in turns of the engine

the pressure regulator (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

There are no indications of the gauge of the expense of fuel or temperature

the gauge (see the Head of System of cooling, heating or the Power supply system) Is faulty.
electroconducting (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
the measuring instrument (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

The gauge of the expense of fuel or temperature constantly gives out the maximum indication

the gauge (Heads of System of cooling, heating and the Power supply system see) Is faulty.
electroconducting (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
the measuring instrument (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

Horn functioning is broken

The horn constantly gives out a sound signal

the button of inclusion of a horn Is jammed pressed, (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
short circuit on weight of electroconducting of a horn (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Takes place.

The horn does not give out a sound signal

Has fused a safety lock (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
the horn (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

The horn gives out too weak, or an astable signal

Oslablo fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
Oslablo fastening of sirens of a horn (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
the horn (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

Functioning of screen wipers (forward/back) is broken

Screen wipers do not move, or move too slowly

Brushes "have become attached" to glass, or draught (Heads Routine maintenance and the Onboard electric equipment see) is jammed/is deformed приводная.
Has fused a safety lock (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
the relay (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
It is faulty приводной the electromotor (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).

Scope of brushes is excessively great/is small

levers of screen wipers (Routine maintenance see the Head) are incorrectly planted on spindles.
It is worn out приводной the mechanism (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
Oslablo fastening of the electromotor or приводной assemblages (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).

Brushes do not clear glass

rubber working elements (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Are worn out.
Are broken растяжные springs of levers, or levers are jammed on axes (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
In a liquid of washing of glass the corresponding cleaner necessary for removal of a road film (Routine maintenance see the Head) is not added.

Functioning windscreen (forward/back) is broken

The one does not function or several snuffled


passableness of a nozzle (Routine maintenance see the Head) Is broken.
the submitting hose Is disconnected, or its passableness owing to blocking or перекручивания (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) is broken.
there is not enough liquid in the tank (Routine maintenance see the Head).

The pump of giving of a liquid does not function

electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
Has fused a safety lock (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
the switch (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
the pump (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

The liquid starts to move with a delay after pump inclusion

the unilateral valve in a submitting hose (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

Electric drive functioning Glass lifts is broken

Glasses move only in one direction

the switch (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.


Glass moves too slowly


It is damaged, jammed, or the regulator (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) requires greasing.
Internal components of a door, or its internal upholstery disturb to regulator functioning (the Body and salon furnish see the Head).
the electromotor (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Is faulty.

Glass does not move at all


Has fused a safety lock (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
the relay (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
the electromotor (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.

Functioning of the uniform lock is broken


The system does not function at all


Has fused a safety lock (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).
the relay (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
the management block (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Is faulty.

The latch is blocked, but not released, or on the contrary


executive rods or levers (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Are broken or disconnected.
the relay (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is faulty.
the management block (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Is faulty.
the lock mechanism (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Is faulty.

One of management motors/electromagnets does not function


electroconducting, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) Is torn off.
actuation mechanism assemblage (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Is faulty.
executive rods or levers (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Are broken, jammed or disconnected.
the lock mechanism (the Body and salon furnish see the Head) Is faulty.