Skoda Felicia

Since 1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Shkoda Felitsija
+ Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
- Engine electric equipment
   - Charge and start systems
      The general information and safety measures
      Check of a condition and battery gymnastics
      Removal and installation of the storage battery
      Check of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge
      Removal and generator installation
      Replacement of the module of a shchetkoderzhatelja/regulator of pressure
      Check of serviceability of functioning of system of start
      Removal and starter installation
      Starter major repairs
   + System of ignition of petrol engines
   + System of preheat of diesel engines
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment



Check of a condition and battery gymnastics

Check of a condition of batteries of traditional type and the batteries requiring the minimum service

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. At insignificant mid-annual run of the car to check relative density of electrolit of the battery for the purpose of definition of level of its charge there is enough time in three months. Measurement is made by means of standard ареометра. Results of check should be compared to the data resulted below the table. Pay attention that standard measurement should be made at temperature 15С. Thus on everyone 10С temperature lowerings more low реперной should be subtracted points from the indication of density of electrolit 0.007. Temperature excess on everyone 10С above basic value demands addition to result of measurement of the same size (0.007).
Ambient temperature above 25С
Ambient temperature more low 25С
The battery is completely charged
1.210 1.230
1.270 1.290
The battery is charged on 70 %
1.170 1.190
1.230 1.250
The battery is discharged
1.050 1.070
1.110 1.130

2. At a suspicious condition of the battery first of all check up electrolit density in each of it банок. The difference in results of the measurements, exceeding size 0.040, specifies in falling of level of electrolit or destruction ламелей.
3. At excess by a difference of relative density of electrolit in various banks of the specified size, the battery is subject to replacement. Otherwise charge level can be restored (see more low in the given Section).
Check of a condition of batteries not requiring service
4. If your car is completed by the battery of tight type not requiring service, necessity for regular addition of electrolit for banks disappears. Level of a charge of the battery can be defined on the indicator built in its case or the voltmeter.
5. For a complete set of some cars batteries of type Delco not requiring service are used. Such batteries are equipped by the built in indicator of level of a charge. The indicator is located on the top plane of the case of the battery and changes the colour depending on charge level. Green colour of a stain in an indicator observation port testifies to high level of a charge. Stain dimness (up to black colour) speaks about necessity of carrying out of gymnastics. Light yellow colouring of the indicator signals about excessive decrease in level of electrolit - in this case the further use of the battery is inadmissible and its replacement is required.
6. If for check of level of a charge the voltmeter is used, connect it between polar plugs of the battery. Result of measurement compare to requirements of Specifications in the beginning of the Head. It is possible to consider the read instruments authentic only in the event that measurement was made after not less than 5 hours after performance of last gymnastics. Otherwise it is necessary to include approximately for 30 seconds head headlights of the car, then to wait about five minutes and only after that to start removal of indications (do not forget to switch off a headlight). All other onboard consumers of the electric power during check performance also should be switched off (track, that all doors of the car, including a back door) have been densely closed.
7. If the result of measurement makes more low 12.2 In, hence the battery is discharged. The range from 12.2 In to 12.4 In corresponds to normal level of a charge of the battery.
8. In need of performance of gymnastics of the battery remove it from the car (see Has undressed Removal and installation of the storage battery) and operate according to the instructions stated more low in the present Section.


Gymnastics of batteries of traditional type and the batteries requiring the minimum service

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

The information stated more low should be perceived only as the general guide to action. Without fail familiarise with instructions of manufacturers зарядного devices, and also with the recommendations resulted on fixed on case of the battery to a label.

1. Carry out gymnastics of the battery a current which force makes an order of 10 % from value of capacity of the battery. So, the current of gymnastics of the battery on 55 Ach should make 5.5 A.Prodolzhajte gymnastics process until the density of electrolit will not stop to change within at least four hours.
2. The slow gymnastics a current force in 1.5 can be alternatively made And. In this case the battery can be left connected to зарядному to the device for the night.
3. To resort to fast methods of restoration of level of a charge of the battery for 1 2 hours composers of the present Management do not recommend - such practice is fraught with serious destructions ламелей as a result of their overheat.
4. In the course of battery gymnastics watch, that the electrolit temperature did not rise above 37.8С.


Gymnastics of batteries not requiring service

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

The information stated more low should be perceived only as the general guide to action. Without fail familiarise with instructions of manufacturers зарядного devices, and also with the recommendations resulted on fixed on case of the battery to a label.

1. The complete recovery of level of a charge of such batteries takes away a bit more time in comparison with the norms accepted for batteries of standard type. In especially hard cases the gymnastics can proceed about three days.
2. Prepare зарядное the direct current device. Expose target pressure of the power supply on value in 13.9 14.9 V.Tok of a charge should not exceed thus 25 A.Pri such way of gymnastics level of a charge of the battery it should be restored to weak (12.5) approximately for three hours. The full gymnastics of the battery as already it was mentioned above, can take away much more time.
3. At restoration of completely discharged battery (with target pressure more low 12.2) gymnastics performance will correctly charge to experts of car-care centre.


Check of level of electrolit

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

The electrolit in the battery represents a solution of sulfuric acid. Perform all works in rubber gloves. Correcting electrolit level, watch, that it was not poured through apertures in banks. The spilt electrolit at once wash off pure water. On termination of works rinse with water all case of the battery. Do not try to pump out at all surplus of electrolit from банок.

1. Batteries enter into a standard complete set of models not requiring check of level of electrolit. During operation of the car the battery can appear replaced on traditional.

2. Requiring check and updatings of level of electrolit of the battery always it is possible to distinguish on presence of demountable covers on the top planes банок. The battery case is usually executed from translucent plastic, therefore electrolit level can be easily estimated visually - on walls are put
Labels minimum and a maximum level. Before to start updating of level of electrolit, make sure that the battery does not concern type not requiring service (on the case of such batteries usually there is an inscription of type Freedom or Maintenance-Free).

3. Check up electrolit level through apertures банок (preliminary having removed covers), or on labels on translucent walls. The electrolit should hide completely ламели. In case of need make updating, having added in banks of the distilled (not ionised) water. Establish to the place of a cover and rinse with water the battery case.