+ Cars of mark Skoda Felicia
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
- Suspension bracket and steering
The general information and safety measures
Removal and installation ступичных assemblages of forward wheels
Replacement of bearings of forward wheels
Removal and installation of racks of a forward suspension bracket
Major repairs of racks of a forward suspension bracket
Removal, major repairs and installation of the bottom levers of a forward suspension bracket
Replacement of spherical support of the bottom levers of a forward suspension bracket
Removal and installation of the stabilizer of cross-section stability of a forward suspension bracket
Removal and installation of racks of a bar of the stabilizer of cross-section stability of a forward suspension bracket
Removal and installation of a forward stretcher
Replacement of bearings of back naves
Removal, major repairs and installation of racks of a back suspension bracket
Major repairs of racks of a back suspension bracket
Removal, major repairs and installation of pins of the back bridge
Removal and installation of the back stabilizer of cross-section stability
Removal and installation of the back bridge
Removal and steering wheel installation
Removal and installation of a steering column
Major repairs of a steering column
Removal and installation of assemblage of the lock of ignition/blocking of a wheel
Removal, major repairs and installation of the steering mechanism
Replacement of rubber protective covers картера the steering mechanism
Removal of air stoppers from a hydraulic path of system of strengthening of a wheel
Removal and installation of the helmsman наcоса
Removal and installation of external tips of steering draughts
Removal and installation of steering draught
Corners of installation of wheels of the car - the general information
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
Removal, major repairs and installation of the steering mechanism
Assemblage of the steering mechanism
1 — the Epiploon
2 — the Screw (7 Nanometers)
3 — the Spring washer
4 — the Cover картера
5 — the Sealing ring
6 — the Sealing lining
7 — Adjusting washers
8 — the Ball-bearing
9 — the Gear wheel
10 — Gear рейка
11 — the Plug
12 — the Lock ring
13 — Carter of the steering mechanism
14 — the Basic washer
15 — the Spring
16 — Adjusting linings
17 — the Sealing lining
18 — the Cover
19 — the Spring washer
20 — the Bolt (7 Nanometers)
Carter of the steering mechanism
1 — Kardannyj an intermediate shaft the helmsman рейки
2 — the Bolt (5 Nanometers)
3 — Protective sheet
4 — the Sealing lining
5 — the Epiploon
6 — the Nut (60 Nanometers)
7 — the Tip of cross-section steering draught
8 — the Lock ring
9 — the Protective cover of the spherical hinge
10 — the Ring
11 — Koronchataja a nut
12 — Shplint
13 — the Left steering draught
14 — the Collar
15 — the Protective cover
16 — the Connecting link
17 — Carter of the steering mechanism
18 — the Rubber pillow
19 — the Collar of a rubber pillow
20 — the Bolt (25 Nanometers)
22 — the Right steering draught
Arrangement of components of a steering with the hydraulic booster
1 — the Steering pump
2 — the Tank
3 — the Steering mechanism with the distributor and the power cylinder
The steering mechanism with the hydraulic booster
1 — the Power cylinder
2 — Reechnaja transfer
3 — the Valve-distributor
4 — the Tank
5 — the Steering pump
The shibernyj steering pump
1 — the Rotor
2 — Stator
3 — the Case
4 — the Cover
5 — a pulley Flange
6 — the Safety valve
The general information
Models without the hydraulic booster
Reechnaja transfer will transform turn of a steering column to movement of the draughts turning operated wheels of the car.
Carter of the steering mechanism is made of an aluminium alloy. Transfer consists from drive a shaft-gear wheel and gear рейки.
The shaft of a drive of the steering mechanism is equipped by a gear wheel and established in картере реечной transfers to two bearings of type PLC 03-29/1. Shaft assemblage is in constant gearing with gear рейкой, rigidly connected to steering draughts. Shaft rotation causes moving рейки to the right or to the left. Together with рейкой the steering draughts move also, forcing to turn forward wheels of the car.
Carter of the steering mechanism from above is closed by a cover fixed by two bolts М6х20. The cover is established on a sealing lining. In the middle картера the aperture through which takes place a shaft of a drive of the steering mechanism is provided. For the purpose of assemblage hermetic sealing in an aperture the epiploon 17х28х7 is established.
For the purpose of sample люфта shaft bearings adjusting washers of 0.1 and 0.2 mm are applied in the thickness.
The lateral aperture in картере also is closed by a cover which fastens two bolts М6х20. Under a cover the sealing lining is established. Through an aperture in the middle of a cover passes a bolt intended for adjustment of a backlash in gearing of a shaft with gear рейкой. Bolt position is fixed by a counternut. The demanded backlash in gearing is supported подпружиненным by a cracker and the equipped sealing ring 28х20.
The right party картера the steering mechanism represents a pipe in which the plug is planted. In the plug is located gear рейка. The ends рейки are connected to steering draughts.
Rubber protective covers protect the steering mechanism from hit of pollution, and also prevent вытекание greasings by which it is filled картер.
The steering mechanism is attached to an arm by a cross-beam of a beam of a forward suspension bracket on two rubber support which are established in holders. Each of holders fastens by means of two bolts М8х20. Both support, and holders differ from each other (components большего are established the size more close to the steering mechanism).
Models with the wheel hydraulic booster
Elements of a steering with the hydraulic booster are made by company TRW Dusseldorf.
Into system structure enter реечный the steering mechanism united in one case with the power cylinder and the valve-distributor, the steering pump, the tank of a hydraulic liquid and connecting hydraulic lines.
Steering draughts are slightly shorter used on models with a manual drive of the steering mechanism. The steering wheel full speed (from an emphasis against the stop) makes 3.0 turns (against 3.6 turns in models with a manual drive). Reduction of number of turns of a shaft is connected with the smaller transfer relation реечного the mechanism.
In view of told, at refusal of system of hydrostrengthening the steering continues to work, however demands applying of the big efforts during fulfilment of turns.
At the working engine the hydraulic liquid moves the steering pump to the valve-distributor реечного the mechanism. During the initial moment of turn of a steering wheel (prior to the beginning of moving рейки) occurs turn of the valve-distributor and a liquid goes to a corresponding cavity of the power cylinder. While the driver puts effort to a steering wheel, the valve-distributor is displaced also a liquid continues to arrive in the cylinder. As soon as wheel turn stops, the valve-distributor is displaced in average position and liquid giving in the cylinder stops (a pressure head highway incorporates with returnable). The pump thus continues to work in a single mode, freely pumping over a liquid through the valve. Thus, the hydraulic booster constantly remains ready to work. If the driver, having turned out a wheel against the stop, continues to put to it effort in extreme position, the valve-distributor remains in the displaced position and pressure of a liquid will continue to influence the cylinder piston. The maximum productivity of the pump thus develops and there is an intensive warming up of a liquid as a result of increase of its pressure. In view of told, it is not necessary to keep excessively long a steering wheel in extreme position, risking to put the device out of action. Strengthening degree depends sizes of the effort put to a steering wheel - the more strongly the driver presses on a wheel, the the valve-distributor is more displaced, raising the expense of a liquid and capacity developed by the amplifier.
At arrival by a wheel on an obstacle (for example, поребрик or the stone), the valve-distributor aspires to be displaced in average position, pressure of a liquid decreases, and the effort to a steering drive increases. The driver aspires to keep wheels in the necessary position; thus the valve-distributor is displaced from average position and directs a liquid stream to a corresponding cavity of the cylinder, without allowing рейке to move. Thus the feedback from wheels to the driver is carried out.
The working path of system of hydrostrengthening is filled by special liquid Pentosin CHF 11 S in number of 0.9 l which simultaneously carries out a role of greasing for components of the steering mechanism and the pump. The hydraulic lines laid between the pump, the valve-distributor, the power cylinder and the tank of a hydraulic liquid are executed from metal tubes and rubber hoses. Each section is equipped special штуцерными by tips.
The main working element of system is шиберный the steering pump. The rotor with mobile plates rotates in статоре the special form. At work of the pump the liquid arrives from outside depression, gets to the chamber formed by plates of a rotor and walls статора. The chamber volume on a measure поворачивания a rotor gradually decreases, pressure of a liquid increases also it starts to be pushed out in on a connecting line in the valve-distributor. At excess of the maximum admissible pressure works a safety valve connecting a working cavity with the chamber of depression. Pressure thus in steps falls. The maximum productivity of the pump is reached at frequency of rotation of a rotor from 500 to 700 rpm. The maximum pressure developed by the pump makes 20 кПа. The pump drive is carried out by the multicostal belt in parallel used also for a drive of compressor K/V, the generator and the pump.
The power cylinder united with the steering mechanism and the valve-distributor, fastens to a cross-section beam of a suspension bracket bolts М10х1.25 (unlike bolts М8 in case of the steering mechanism with a manual drive).
With the wheel hydraulic booster are equipped diesel models and petrol l models 1.6. Distinction consists only in a route of a lining of connecting lines.
1. In car salon give fixing nuts and remove a foot emphasis assemblage from a coupling pedal.
2. At a corresponding complete set unbend back a carpet covering, give the screw and a nut of fastening of a finishing casing of the basis of a steering column. Remove a casing for the purpose of providing of access to bottom карданному to the hinge of an intermediate shaft.
3. With a paint or a marker mark hinge position rather приводной gear wheels реечной transfers, then turn out a coupling bolt шарнирной assemblages.
4. Give nuts, remove washers and liberate a sealing plate and a lining established around приводной of a gear wheel.
The damaged lining is subject to replacement.
5. Firmly cock a lay brake, then поддомкратьте redock of the car and establish it on props. Remove both lobbies of a wheel.
6. Take шплинты, then give nuts of fastening of tips of steering bent for ступичным to assemblages. Liberate tips from rotary levers of naves - in case of need take advantage of a stripper of spherical hinges.
Models without the wheel hydraulic booster
1. Turn out fixing bolts and remove from a stretcher collars of fastening of the steering mechanism.
2. Separate assemblage реечной transfers from an intermediate shaft and take it from under the car. Remove rubber pillows of support from the steering mechanism (pillows are not interchangeable). Take from car salon a sealing plate with a lining.
Models with the wheel hydraulic booster
1. For the purpose of minimisation of losses of a hydraulic liquid by special clips or clamps press submitting and returnable hoses near to the tank of the steering pump.
2. Having marked sockets, turn out штуцерные bolts on assemblage of the steering mechanism (prepare drain capacity for gathering of a following hydraulic liquid). Disconnect both hoses and remove sealing washers.
At assemblage sealing washers are subject to replacement without fail. At once закупорьте the open ends of hoses and an aperture in картере the steering mechanism for the purpose of minimisation of losses of a hydraulic liquid and in order to avoid hit in dirt system.
3. Liberate hydraulic hoses from intermediate clamps and take them aside from assemblage of the steering mechanism.
4. Turn out fixing bolts and remove from a stretcher fastening collars реечной assemblages.
5. Separate assemblage реечной transfers from an intermediate shaft and take it from under the car. Remove rubber pillows of support from the steering mechanism (pillows are not interchangeable). Take from car salon a sealing plate with a lining.
1. Steering реечная transfer is among rather reliable knots of the car. Безаварийность mechanism works depends qualities of greasing of internal components, conditions of protective covers, serviceability of balancing of wheel assemblages, and also sizes люфта a steering drive.
2. A distinctive feature of the steering mechanism реечного type is that any vibration and the jerks connected with infringement of balancing of wheels, roughnesses of a road covering and easing of a pretightness of wheel bearings, are inevitably transferred directly to a steering wheel.
3. For the purpose of performance of major repairs assemblage of the steering mechanism is necessary for removing from the car.
4. After assemblage dismantle replacement or updating of level of oil in it can be easily made. Oil merges through a way of removal of rubber protective covers from flanges картера for what it is necessary to remove fixing collars preliminary.
5. Having fixed больший a rubber cover, establish картер the steering mechanism vertically and fill in in it necessary quantity of oil of a demanded grade through an end face which shorter cover is put on. Establish the second cover on картер and fix its collar. Translate картер in horizontal position and check up it on presence of signs of leaks from under protective covers. In case of need tighten collars.
6. At replacement of rubber protective covers it is necessary to turn away tips of steering draughts and to merge oil from картера. Now covers can be removed and replaced by the new. Then fill in in картер fresh oil, fix collars and establish into place tips of draughts.
7. Dismantling of the steering mechanism for the purpose of performance of regenerative repair or replacement of the failed internal components is made as follows:
a) Remove collars of fastening of rubber covers;
b) Unbend edges of covers and merge oil from картера in pure capacity;
c) Shift covers in a direction to tips of steering draughts;
d) Unbend tags of flat lock washers, контрящих nuts on the ends gear рейки;
e) By means of a screw-driver unbend deepening on the brink of the transitive plug in a flute рейки;
f) Give nuts and disconnect from рейки draughts;
g) Turn out two bolts of fastening of a lateral cover to картеру, take a spring, a cracker and a rubber sealing ring;
h) Take from картера a shaft of a drive of the steering mechanism with the top bearing (clamp a shaft in a vice with soft sponges and pull for картер; in case of need take advantage of a hammer with soft brisk);
i) By means of a stripper remove from a shaft the bearing;
j) Take from картера the steering mechanism gear рейку;
k) By means of the special tool take from картера the bottom bearing.
8. After replacement of faulty components collect the mechanism:
a) Establish in картер the bottom bearing of a shaft;
b) Grease рейку трансмиссионным with oil and fill it in картер the steering mechanism with the smooth party to a lateral aperture;
c) Fill in картер a shaft with the top bearing established on it and plant assemblage by hammer blows so that the bottom bearing also has appeared on a shaft (track that the top bearing had no course in a direction to shaft teeths);
d) Grease aperture edge from which the shaft as a small amount трансмиссионного oils acts, lay on an interfaced surface a sealing lining of the top cover;
e) Measure distance between an external holder of the bearing and the top surface of a lining;
f) Pick up adjusting washers so that their thickness corresponded to the measured distance, plus of 0.1 mm (washers are issued by thickness of 0.1 and 0.2 mm);
g) Establish washers (at first adjusting, then usual), grease a cover a small amount трансмиссионного oils, establish it on assemblage and draw fixing bolts (a carving of bolts preliminary grease with hermetic);
h) Tighten bolts with demanded effort (7 Nanometers);
i) Check up freedom of rotation of a shaft, estimate size люфта assemblage components;
j) Grease трансмиссионным with oil an internal surface of a lateral aperture in картере the steering mechanism;
k) Fill in an aperture a cracker gear рейки, a rubber sealing ring and a spring;
l) Grease трансмиссионным with oil interfaced surfaces of an aperture and a cover;
m) Establish a sealing washer and tighten two fixing bolts with demanded effort (7 Nanometers);
n) Estimate size люфта the mechanism, in case of need make corresponding updating;
o) Screw on both ends рейки new transitive plugs and tighten them with demanded effort (50 ч 60 Nanometers). For a tightening of plugs screw counternuts and special nuts. One pair nuts clamp in a vice, the second tighten with demanded effort and застопорьте a counternut. Now clamp in a vice already tightened nut (together with контрящей) and repeat procedure with the opposite plug;
p) Zastoporte of the plug, развальцевав their edges in flutes on рейке;
q) Insert in each of plugs on a plate;
r) Screw on steering draught a special nut a flat surface to a draught tip;
s) Grease a draught tip;
t) Establish on редукционную the plug a lock washer;
u) Screw on a carving редукционной plugs the special nut which has been put on steering draught. A nut tighten so that the draught deviation needed effort in 12.5 ч 20.5 Nanometers. Tighten a counternut with effort 50 ч 60 Nanometers and block its lock washer, I will unbend a tag of last on шлиц nuts and counternuts;
v) Operating in a similar manner, fix opposite draught;
w) Establish on draughts protective covers and fix their collars;
x) Pull longer cover on a flange картера and fix its collar;
y) Fill in in картер fresh oil, then establish assemblage on the car.
1. Establish on the steering mechanism rubber pillows of support, having developed their flat party downwards. At installation it is necessary to observe the sizes resulted on an illustration.
2. Carefully smooth out interfaced surfaces and establish from within on a partition of an impellent compartment a sealing plate and a lining.
3. Get assemblage of the steering mechanism on regular старавшись not to damage thus a sealing plate of a partition. By means of the assistant achieve combination of the landing labels put in the course of dismantle and enter an intermediate shaft into gearing with шлицами приводной gear wheels реечной transfers.
4. Make sure that rubber pillows of both support are developed by the flat parties to a stretcher, then establish fixing collars.
5. Clean a carving of both fixing bolts, then slightly grease with its fixing hermetic of type Loctite 270. Screw bolts and in stages in regular intervals tighten them with demanded effort.
6. In car salon make sure of correctness of landing of a sealing plate rather картера the steering mechanism, then strongly tighten fixing nuts.
7. Make sure of correctness of installation карданного the hinge of an intermediate shaft, then screw a coupling bolt шарнирной assemblages and tighten it with demanded effort. At a corresponding complete set establish into place a finishing casing of the basis of a column.
8. Get tips of steering draughts in rotary levers ступичных assemblages. Screw fixing nuts, strongly tighten them and fix new шплинтами.
9. Establish to the place of a wheel, then lower the car on the earth and tighten wheel bolts with demanded effort.
10. In summary check up corners of installation of forward wheels, in case of need make corresponding adjustment (see Has undressed Corners of installation of wheels of the car - the general information).
Models with the wheel hydraulic booster